Monday, July 3, 2017

Ancient Egypt July 3

Recreating the 'Soul Houses' of Ancient Egypt

Provision for the afterlife was important to the Ancient Egyptians, especially eternal nourishment from food and beer. In Middle Kingdom Egypt (c. 2,000-1700 BCE) simple dug graves were often the final resting place for the less well-off. On these graves, relatives appear to have placed what are called “Soul Houses”.

Polish Egyptologist identified fragments of a lost Egyptian temple... in a storage
Photo by J. Iwaszczuk

Thousands of stone blocks lying for years in a storage near Luxor turned out to be the remains of the temple of Thutmose I, long sought after by archaeologists. Fragments of the temple were identified by a Polish Egyptologist, Jadwiga Iwaszczuk.
The Temple of Thutmose I (1504-1492 BC), in times of splendour, was comparable to the temples built by Hatshepsut in Deir el-Bahari or by Ramesses II - the Ramesseum.

© Courtesy of National Museums Liverpool.


We took our cameras inside to bring you this sneak peak of the breath-taking new gallery which includes the jewel of the exhibition, The Mummy Room, featuring 9 mummies, 4 of which have not been seen since the Museum Blitz in 1941.
Khufu Boat And Unique Boat-Building Technique Of Ancient Egyptians

More than sixty years ago, two ancient wooden boats, were discovered in separate carved stone pits located next to the Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt.

Until now, it is still debated over whether these boats were symbolic solar barks for the king to use in his afterlife, or funeral boats, used to transport Khufu’s funerary equipment to his pyramid.

Restoration of King Tut’s armor completed

Restoration work on the most important pieces of armor belonging to King Tutankhamen has been completed by specialists at the Organic Artifacts Lab at the Restoration Center of the Grand Egyptian Museum, the center announced Tuesday.

The restoration team documented all work including cleansing with solutions, fortifying and renovation works according to sound tests and analyses before the beginning of the restoration works.

Best Egyptian Collection in Latin America Revealed in Cuba

The details of the most important Egyptian collection in Latin America are compiled in a single volume, presented at the Universal Art Building of the Cuban National Museum of Fine Arts (MNBA).

The catalog - unveiled yesterday as the result of more than a year of work of the Egyptian Art curator of MNBA, Aymée Chicuri and Egyptologists Milagros Álvarez and Irene Morfini of Spain, and Italy, respectively - collects all the pieces, including the latest discoveries of the valuable collection.\

Glass portrait of Amenhotep II

Curator David Whitehouse describes in a short film this tiny glass portrait of King Amenhotep II ( accession number 79.1.4) now in Corning Museum, United States. It is only 4 cm in height.
Ancient glass sculpture is very rare. This is one of the earliest known glass portraits. It probably shows the head of Amenhotep II, The craft of glassmaking may have been introduced into Egypt during Amenhotep's reign. The head was carefully sculpted, probably with the simplest of tools and considerable effort on the part of the craftsman. Cast in blue glass, the sculpture is now tan in color due to its long burial. Several royal portrait heads in glass are known. They were probably made as parts of composite figures designed to incorporate other materials, such as gold, ivory, and wood

Tourism in Egypt rare pictures

Europeans in long dresses and elegant suits had climbed the Egyptian pyramids at 1860-1935 years.

Famous monuments of Ancient Egypt have attracted Europeans for centuries. In 1869 completed the construction of the Suez canal and wealthy tourists, eager to visit the pyramids of Giza, became even more.

Why We Love (And Fear) Mummies

It all started in the 19th century.

In 1822, the French scholar Jean-François Champollion, who’d been awed by Egypt since Napoleon Bonaparte’s 1798 military campaign there, cracked the mystery of Egyptian hieroglyphics, and the whole world became fascinated with this ancient north African civilisation.

Al-Maala necropolis site in Upper Egypt is scientifically documented
The archaeological documentation of Al-Maala necropolis in Upper Egypt was carried out.

The Antiquities Documentation Centre has completed its project to document Al-Maala necropolis, which is located in the town of Esna in Luxor governorate.

The necropolis is a very important archaeological site because it was the official cemetery of the rulers of the third nome of Upper Egypt during the Third Intermediate Period

Nabbing mummies for Niagara’s cabinet of curiosities

Between 1857 and 1861 - just years just before Confederation - our own Sidney Barnett of the Niagara Falls Museum set off overseas to embark upon three epic journeys up the Nile. His mission was to acquire some antiquities for his dad’s popular museum of curiosities.

A final look at Ptah-Sokar-Osiris

When we last checked in with the Ptah-Sokar-Osiris figure, I was working on finding a satisfactory cleaning approach. The figure has a darkened layer over the front surface, which obscures the beautiful patterns, colors, and hieroglyphs. My goal for cleaning was to clarify designs and improve legibility, although the sensitivity of the paint layers has made this an interesting challenge.

Ancient Egyptian tomb warnings, curses, and ghosts

With The Tomb: Ancient Egyptian Burial exhibition currently on display at the National Museum of Scotland, I wanted to take the opportunity to discuss the popular misconception that ancient Egyptian tombs all contain curses. This idea became widespread due to the sensationalist journalism that followed the discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun in 1922. The death of Lord Carnarvon in the months after the opening of the tomb fit well with the idea of a long dead Pharaoh wishing for retribution and of course produced great headlines.

China and Egypt. Cradles of the World

The cultures of Egypt and China are distinguished by a long history spanning several millennia. In the exhibition China and Egypt. Cradles of the World, treasures of Ancient Egyptian and Ancient Chinese art can be seen side-by-side. For the first time the show features scores of exhibits from China that have never gone to Europe before. The exhibits on display cover a timespan from 4500 BC to the Greek and Roman period (332 BC to 313 AD). The direct comparison of the ancient high cultures shows visitors how both societies had a decisive and enduring impact on the development of human history. Despite their enormous distance, both cultures developed similar structures, which are still recognizable today.

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Snefru's pyramid at Dahshur taken by A. Varille in 1947 (Egyptological Archives & Lib. Unimi, Varille Collection)