Monday, March 27, 2017
Sudan claims their pyramids are 2,000 years older than Egypt's
The Sudanese Minister of Information, Ahmed Bilal Othman, claimed on Sunday that the Meroë Pyramids of Sudan are 2,000 years older than Egypt's pyramids. The Sudanese government is working to prove this to the entire world, he added.
These claims stirred up outrage among Egyptians, particularly history experts. Zahi Hawas, the former minister of antiquities, said the Egyptian pyramids are the oldest, especially the pyramid of Djoser which dates back more than 5,000 years.
Secrets of what ancient mummies look like under their wrappings are finally being revealed
A special exhibit that's on display at the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) in New York allows people to see 18 mummies in person, some of which have not been seen since Chicago's World Fair over 100 years ago.
The Grand Egyptian Museum – A Bridge between Ages
The Grand Egyptian Museum will be situated adjacent to the Giza Plateau within two kilometres of the Giza pyramids. The GEM project is one of the largest and most significant in process globally. Its total land area extends to 491,000 square metres, with theGrand Egyptian Museum Waleed Abdel-Fattah buildings taking up 168,000 square metres. Once completed it will be a world-leading scientific, historical and archaeological study centre. The museum is set to open in May 2018.
$100M in ancient artifacts shipped from Egypt and Turkey to the U.S. in 2016
The artifacts, totaling about $100 million between the two countries, were imported “for consumption” and not for temporary display in a museum, the documents say. Most of the artifacts were shipped to New York City, where numerous antiquities dealers, auction houses and art galleries are based. It can be difficult to determine whether a shipment of artifacts was recently looted, law-enforcement officials told Live Science.
MAKEOVER FOR ABERDEEN-BASED EGYPTIAN MUMMY
An ancient Egyptian mummy stored in Aberdeen has been given a makeover for an exhibition abroad.
Mistress of the House Ta Khar will be going on show near Munich on Friday after being shipped out from the University of Aberdeen’s museum collection.
But before facing the public, the embalmed body was put through a makeover to make sure she looked her best.
Little-known but greatly feared, the Sea People raided ancient Egypt and the Mediterranean at the end of the Bronze Age
The Sea Peoples were a mixed group of raiders of unknown origin who raided the ancient Egyptian coastline and the eastern Mediterranean Sea from 1276 to 1178 BCE.
Even today, we don’t know much about this group of ancient seafaring people, other than what is found in records of the places they visited and attacked. It has often been theorized that they came from Anatolia or Southern Europe, and it is thought that they invaded Canaan, Syria, Anatolia, Cyprus, and Egypt at the end of the Bronze Age. The names given to these people are Lukka, Sherden, Sheklesh, Akawasha, and Tursha.
Spanish archaeologists discover an intact 4000 years old tomb in Aswan
Dr. Mahmoud Afifi, Head of Ancient Egyptian Department announced the discovery of an intact burial in Aswan.
The Spanish Archaeological Mission in Qubbet el-Hawa, West Aswan, has discovered an intact burial chamber. The discovered burial belongs to the brother of one of the most important governors of the 12th Dynasty (middle Kingdom), Sarenput II.
Can a long-lost Egyptian colossus save ancient Heliopolis?
KHALED DESOUKI/AFP/Getty Images
The colossus was discovered in Matariya, a northeast suburb of Cairo. Now a densely packed area of apartment buildings, for thousands of years it was part of one of ancient Egypt’s greatest cities, better known today by its Greek name: Heliopolis, ‘City of the Sun’ (not to be confused with modern Heliopolis, a couple of kilometres to its east). From the beginning of Egyptian history, ancient Heliopolis was the main centre of Egypt’s sun cult, where priests worshipped the god Re, and developed myths proclaiming his temple to be built on the first land that rose from the floodwaters after creation.
Barnsley debut three original exhibitions by Joann Fletcher that unlock the hidden stories of Egypt’s captivating past
Barnsley Museums will celebrate the history of ancient Egypt this autumn as three of its five attractions host exhibitions on the theme, each designed and guest curated by Professor Joann Fletcher, award-winning Egyptologist.
Egyptian ritual images from the Neolithic period
Credit: David Sabel
Egyptologists at the University of Bonn discovered rock art from the 4th millennium BC during an excavation at a necropolis near Aswan in Egypt. The paintings were engraved into the rock in the form of small dots and depict hunting scenes like those found in shamanic depictions. They may represent a link between the Neolithic period and Ancient Egyptian culture. The discovery earned the scientists the award for one of the current ten most important archeological discoveries in Egypt from the Minister of Antiquities in Cairo.
Unraveling the Mystery of Who Lies Beneath the Cloth
Mummy No. 30007, currently residing at the American Museum of Natural History, is a showstopper. She’s known as the Gilded Lady, for good reason: Her coffin, intricately decorated with linen, a golden headdress and facial features, has an air of divinity. She’s so well preserved that she looks exactly how the people of her time hoped she would appear for eternity. To contemporary scientists, however, it’s what they don’t see that is equally fascinating: Who was this ancient woman, and what did she look like when she was alive?
Mummies’ Review: Using Science to Unwrap History
Of all that has been imagined of the afterlife, probably nothing comes close to the scene at a new exhibition at the American Museum of Natural History, in which unburied dead of the past 7,000 years keep posthumous company with each other, laid out in display cases, coffined or wrapped or half unwrapped, accompanied by vessels of preserved organs or relics like a sewing bobbin. One body is bundled in coarse cloth and held together with rope, another is encased in gilt magnificence; one woman is bound with two children, another corpse is left with only a head after ancient grave robbers hastily tore it apart looking for jewelry; and these remains share space with a preserved ibis, crocodile and cat.
Thursday, March 23, 2017
Giving a voice to ancient Egyptian poetry
Ostracon with the final lines of The Tale of Sinuhe. Thebes, 19th Dynasty.
How do you capture the ancient resonances of phrases that mean nothing to modern audiences? How do you invest them with meaning and emotion without a set of explanatory footnotes that kill all spontaneity? Oxford University professor Richard Bruce Parkinson worked with actress and writer Barbara Ewing to record a dramatic reading of one of the finest works of Egyptian poetry The Tale of Sinuhe.
Gilded Lady' and Other Exquisite Mummies on Display in NYC
Photographer John Weinstein, Copyright 2015 the Field Museum, A115214d_035B
An Egyptian mummy named the Gilded Lady may be more than 2,000 years old, but visitors can gaze into her brown eyes and admire her dark, curly hair at "Mummies," an exhibit opening Monday (March 20) at the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) in New York City.
Patrons can't see the Gilded Lady's actual face, of course, but they can look at her exquisitely preserved mummy, including a gleaming gold-painted mask. Nearby is a life-size plastic replica of her skull, created from 3D-printed images of a computed tomography (CT) scan of the mummy's head.
Uncovering a colourful past
A colour reconstruction by illustrator Claire Thorne of the mummy and jars scene found on the outer coffin of Nestawedjat (EA22813A), based on the information provided by multispectral imaging and analysis.
The hidden colours of an ancient Egyptian coffin are revealed through a combination of analysis and non-invasive multispectral imaging techniques. Here Joanne Dyer and Nicola Newman shed light on the process.
9 STUNNING PHOTOS OF THE NEWLY OPENED NATIONAL MUSEUM OF EGYPTIAN CIVILISATION
The newly inaugurated National Museum of Egyptian Civilisation (NMEC) was added to Egypt's long list of exceptional museums last week. The museum is located in the ancient Fustat city, the location of the original city of Cairo, behind the famous Amr Ibn El Aas Mosque, according to the Museum's recently launched Facebook page.
WARFARE AND WEAPONS IN ANCIENT EGYPT Course
Dynastic Egypt united in approximately 3100 BCE. It remained an independent land for much of its 3000 year history, before being absorbed into the Roman Empire in 30 BCE.
During this Dynastic Period, Egypt was able to recover from repeated civil wars and occasional foreign rule, and develop its military power to control a vast empire stretching from Sudan to Syria. The military success shows that Egypt understood the value of an efficient fighting force. Propaganda showing Pharaoh riding into battle standing atop a chariot while his defeated enemies flee before him is one of Egypt’s most enduring images. But how accurate is it? What do we know about the realities of weapons and warfare in ancient Egypt?
Unravel Egypt's history anew at the Textile Museum
Ancient Egyptian patterns (Photo courtsey of the Egyptian Textile museum)
As you walk along Islamic Cairo's famous El-Muezz Street, you will come across a grand Ottoman-era sabil, or building housing a public water fountain.
The sabil of Mohamed Ali is now host to the Egyptian Textile Museum, which narrates the history of the textile industry from the Pharaonic era until today.
New Kingdom mummy mask recovered from France
Photo courtesy of the Ministry of Antiquities
After four years out of Egypt, a stolen and illegally smuggled mummy mask has been returned from France.
Shabaan Abdel Gawad, the general supervisor of the Antiquities Repatriation Sector of the Ministry of Antiquities, told Ahram Online that the mask dates to the New Kingdsom and is carved in wood and depicts human facial features. It was stolen in 2013 along with other artefacts from the Elephantine Antiquities Galleries in Aswan, when it was subject to looting.
Ancient Egyptian bronze cat salvaged from bin
A rare artefact from ancient Egypt nearly ended up in the bin, as its owners cleared out a relative's house in Cornwall thinking it was junk.
Luckily, local auctioneer David Hay salvaged the 2,500 year-old Egyptian cat bronze cat from the bin realising its significance.
Jon Kay explains how the cat made its way to Penzance.
If It's Saint Patrick's Day, It's Time for My Annual Post on the Links between Coptic Egypt and Early Irish Christianity
Every year since 2009, I have reposted or linked to my original 2009 post on the faint but apparently real links between the Coptic Church of Egypt, where monasticism was invented, and the early Irish church.
It's the sort of thing you do when you're a specialist on Egyptian history also named Michael Collins Dunn, but it's also been a popular post. Herewith, with some added illustrations, corrections and updates, the original text:
Watch: 3D tomb of Egyptian treasures set up under Marischal College
Did you know there’s an ancient Egyptian tomb hidden beneath Marischal College?
Well, that’s not strictly true.
But digital artists have created a virtual tomb which shows off objects from the University of Aberdeen Museums collection.
Did you know there’s an ancient Egyptian tomb hidden beneath Marischal College?
Well, that’s not strictly true.
But digital artists have created a virtual tomb which shows off objects from the University of Aberdeen Museums collection.
Photograph of the weekBritish Museum scientists found beetles in 3,000-year-old Egyptian bread! Here’s a 75 x magnification from a scanning electron microscope.
Monday, March 20, 2017
Egypt’s Oldest Papyri Detail Great Pyramid Construction
The oldest-known examples of Egyptian writing, which describe the construction of the Great Pyramid of Giza in ancient hieroglyphics, have been placed on public display as part of a new exhibition at Cairo’s Egyptian Museum.
Bolton Museum has released new designs as part of its multi-million pound transformation to house its Egyptian treasures
NEW images have been released showing how visitors will enjoy a virtual journey through Ancient Egypt to discover the hidden treasures of Bolton Museum.
Fresh designs, created from feedback from the public, show how people will be transported to the ancient land through modern technology — as well as a striking installation of Egyptian artefacts suspended form the ceiling.
Festival of Drunkenness: A Unique Ancient Egypt Tradition
Once upon a time, Egyptians lived together with their gods, but sadly, the people fell out with Ra, their greatest ruler, who then instructed his goddess Hathor to destroy all mankind.
Hathor transformed herself into a lion and started killing human beings, who had escaped to the desert, and drank their blood.
"In Egypt: Travellers and Photographers 1850-1900" opens at Huis Marseille
Francis Frith (1822-1898), The Pyramids of Giza, Egypt, 1856-1859. Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, RP-FF80272.
AMSTERDAM.- This spring, Huis Marseille will host a major exhibition about 19th century photography in Egypt. Join us for a trip along the Nile in the footsteps of the many travellers and photographers who rediscovered the country in the 19th century. The exhibition consists entirely of objects from Dutch collections and offers a diverse portrayal of both the country and photography. From the lively streets and monumental mosques of Cairo to the impressive monuments in faroff Nubia, long before they were ‘evacuated’ by UNESCO during the building of the Aswan dam (1958-1970). From the serene early photos taken by Maxime Du Camp during his trip through the Orient with Gustave Flaubert, to the spontaneous, unembellished amateur photos that Jan Herman Insinger took during his travels in ‘the land of the Nile cataracts’, in what is now the far south of Egypt and northern Sudan.
The Search for Senenmut
The supposed success with finding King Hatshepsut has brought to light many new questions about the location of the mummy of her foremost courtier Senenmut. The thought that he may be among the unidentified royal mummies is intriguing. Though the finding of Hatshepsut was made by the presence of a tooth there is still a lot of faith being placed in DNA perhaps not with mummified tissue but with bone or teeth.
Pharaonic relics submerged with Titanic must be recovered: Egyptologist
Egyptologist Bassam al-Shammaa has called for pharaonic antiquities that sank with the Titanic to be recovered.
At a symposium entitled “Egypt: the Future of the Past”, held during events of the Damanhour second book fair, Shammaa explained that a woman called Margaret Touban, who survived the sinking, possessed a small Egyptian statue as well as a container of pharaonic statues that sank with the ship.
The STATUEDon't even pretend you don't know what statue. This has been one hot and fast-changing story. I've gathered a gazillion links so you can see how we went from Ramses to Psamtik.
(Photo: Nevine Al-Aref)
Newly discovered Matariya colossus is probably of King Psammetich
Minister of Antiquities Khaled El-Enany said on Thursday that the royal colossus discovered last week in Matariya district, Cairo is probably a statue of 26 dynasty king Psammetich I not King Ramses II as believed earlier.
Hieroglyphic signs and initial studies carried out on fragments of the colossus suggest that it belongs to king Psammetich I(664-610 BC)-26 Dynasty, El-Enany said.
The discovered colossus belongs to Psamtik I (with two videos)
After many speculations of the owner of the colossus, The discovered colossus belongs to Psamtik I of 26th Dynasty.
It was thought it would belong to Ramses II as it was unearthed from the site of the temple of Ramses II in Mataria.
Newly discovered Matariya statue is not Ramsis II, identity to be announced
Initial studies on the colossus lifted from a muddy pit in Matariya and transferred to the Egyptian Museum today reveal that it is not of King Ramses II as originally thought, the Ministry of Antiquities told Ahram Online.
New discovery reveals grandeur of Oun temple in ancient Heliopolis
The newly discovered statue suggested to be for King Ramses II. Photo by Magdi Abdel Sayed
A quartzite colossus possibly of Ramses II and limestone bust of Seti II were discovered at the ancient Heliopolis archaeological site in Cairo
Egypt’s Minister of Antiquities Khaled El-Enany witnessed on Thursday the lifting of two newly discovered 19th dynasty royal statues from a pit at the Souq Al-Khamis district in the Al-Matariya area of greater Cairo.
The statues were found in parts in the vicinity of the King Ramses II temple in the temple precinct of ancient Heliopolis, also known as “Oun,” by a German-Egyptian archaeological mission.
The following graphic of the broken statue provides some facts. from the Papyrus Museum Facebook page. And just a few more links if you haven't had enough yet.
- Newly found ancient Egyptian statue not Ramses II, say officials (PHOTOS, VIDEOS)
- The Ministry of Antiquities Facebook album
- Photos: Amazing ancient Egyptian discovery found in Cairo slums
- Giant statue of Egyptian Pharaoh Ramses II found in Cairo slum by archaelogists
- Archaeologists have found a 26-feet-tall statue from ancient Egypt that may be of Pharaoh Ramses II
- Ancient Egypt: Archaeologist Unearthed Fragments Of Ramses II Statue In Cairo (video)
- Massive Ancient Statue Discovered Submerged In Mud In Cairo
- Majestic discovery in Egypt is basically straight from a 19th century sonnet
- Second half of statue found in Cairo's Matariya to be lifted from ground
- Raising Ramses: Archaeologists lift 3,000-year-old statue of Egyptian Pharaoh
- Egypt extracts torso of 'Pharaoh Ramses II' statue from mud
- From the mud in a Cairo neighbourhood, rises an ancient king of Egypt
- Ancient Egyptian statue's torso pulled from mud in Cairo suburb
- 'Royal convoy' will transport huge statue from Matariya to Egyptian Museum
- Newly discovered statue arrives at Cairo's Egyptian Museum
- Video: Ancient Egyptian statue moved at night to avoid traffic (And if you've ever visited Cairo, you know this was a wise decision.)
Several of the articles have videos showing the exacavation of the site. Before anyone gets their panties in a wad about the use of a backhoe loader (as some have), you might want to read Zahi Hawass fires back at criticism of colossus' salvation.
A lovely photo from the Facebook page of the t3.way Projects, showing XX during the building of the Cairo Museum.
Here is the same piece today.
Friday, March 17, 2017
YA romantic suspense via Neil Gaiman's American Gods
(with Isis and Osiris content)
I read almost anything about ancient Egypt and everything that even remotely touches on Isis and Osiris. I call it research for my own novel. :-)
That being said, I'm remarkably picky. A whiff of a camel plodding by the Pyramids or a description of those tombs baking in the sand under the hot Egyptian sun as cool and shady (ok, they ARE shady), and you've lost me. And need I mention there are so many ways to go horribly wrong with Egyptian mythology?
That being said, Kiersten White's The Chaos of Stars delighted me!
Like Gaiman's American Gods, it satisfies our prurient interest on what happens to the protagonists of the world's first great love story (Isis and Osiris) 6000 years after the fact. From the POV of a teenage girl who just happens to be one of their many human offspring. All born to keep their worship alive. Kiersten White had me at hello!
Because really, how do you cope when the Great Mother is your mother? Set alternately in Abydos, Egypt and San Diego, CA, Isadora, their human daughter struggles with life, love, the modern world, and ancient enemies in a way that kept me turning the pages into the wee hours of the morning.
White's mythological research is top-notch. I had no quibble with her using the stereotype of Isis as the interfering Mother and the usual depiction of Osiris as the feckless Father. What teenager doesn't think of her parents like that, and it worked for the character arc of this novel. I didn't figure out the bad guy until the very end, which always pleases me. There was a "surprise" twist about the love interest that wasn't that surprising, but it gave me hope this novel actually might be the beginning of a series.
I highly recommend this book.
Monday, March 13, 2017
Study, conservation and display of a rare pair of curtains from Late Antique Egypt
An exceptionally well preserved pair of curtains is amongst the remarkable objects displayed in the exhibition, Egypt: faith after the pharaohs. They are said to be from Akhmim in Upper Egypt and date from the 6th–7th centuries AD. Acquired for the British Museum by Sir E. A. Wallis Budge in 1897, they are displayed here for only the second time in the Museum’s history. Made of fine linen and colourful wool, the curtains measure more than 2.7m in height by 2.1m in width, and provide a unique example of complete large scale furnishings from Late Antique Egypt.
Mummy shroud found after 80 years in museum collection
Photo National Museum of Scotland
A unique, full-length mummy shroud which is over 2,000 years old has been discovered after about 80 years in a museum collection. It will be displayed for the first time in The Tomb: Ancient Egyptian Burial exhibition at the National Museum of Scotland on 31 March.
The shroud, which dates to about 9BC, was found during "an in-depth assessment" of Egyptian collections.
Grand Egyptian Museum to open in mid-2018: Antiquities Minister
The Grand Egyptian Museum will be opened by mid-2018, Antiquities Minister Khaled al-Anany declared, adding the ministry needs LE2 billion to open 20 museums that are closed in several governorates.
The Grand Egyptian museum, which is under construction, will be one of the most important museums in Egypt, housing more than 100,000 artifacts from all pharaonic periods.
Recovering Egyptian artefacts from overseas is not in Egypt's favour, says its former antiquities minister
Photo credit Studio Sebert ©
Egypt’s former antiquities minister Mamdouh al-Damaty has called for a change of policy relating to Egyptian artefacts traded abroad.
Egyptian embassies and The Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities have challenged the sale of many artefacts, that had been in collections for decades, often without providing evidence to show that they were stolen.
The minister, speaking at a seminar in Alexandria, said artefacts abroad can benefit the country as they serve as marketing and advertising and in most cases their ownership should not be contested.
Brooklyn Museum Dig Diary for March 3
We arrived in Luxor on March 1 for a short study season at the Mut Precinct – and were just in time to catch a parade celebrating youth from all Egypt’s provinces. This group is performing a traditional stick-dance called “Tahtib” that began as a martial art form and dates back to the Old Kingdom.
Office Hours: A feminist Egyptologist talks ancient, current female political power
(Photo courtesy of Mikel Healey)
Kara Cooney is a professor of Egyptian art and architecture, and serves as the chair of the Department of Near Eastern Language and Cultures. Her accomplishments include producing the archaeology television series “Out of Egypt” on the Discovery Channel, serving as the co-curator of “Tutankhamun and the Golden Age of the Pharaohs” at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art and writing “The Woman Who Would Be King: Hatshepsut’s Rise to Power in Ancient Egypt.” She has a verified Facebook page, on which she regularly shares articles on a variety of subjects, not limited to only Egyptology.
ANCIENT EGYPTIAN PROSTHETICS (Podcast)
(Image: University of Manchester)
Artificial toes from ancient Egypt may have been functional prosthetics.
Sixty-six statues of Sekhmet 'THE POWERFUL ONE'
ARCHAEOLOGISTS have discovered 66 statues of an Egyptian war goddess believed to have been warding off evil from Amenhotep III’s temple in Luxor, Egypt..
Amenhotep III’s reign, believed to have been between 1386 to 1349 BC, is regarded as the peak of Egypt’s prosperity, power and splendour.
Photo of the week
Whoa. The colors are almost psychedelic or maybe a rock and roll poster.
Part of Ancient Egyptian Glass Mosaic Wadjet eye inlay, made from two halves, Ptolemaic period, c. 1st century, B.C.E; Now in the Corning Museum of Glass, NY (via Dean Krafft/Flickr).
Friday, March 10, 2017
Dorothy Louise Eady, also known as Omm Sety or Om Seti (16 January 1904 – 21 April 1981), was Keeper of the Abydos Temple of Seti I and draughtswoman for the Department of Egyptian Antiquities. She is known both for her belief that she was an Ancient Egyptian priestess in a previous life and for her research at Abydos. Her life and work is the subject of many articles, television documentaries, and biographies. A New York Times article described her life story as "one of the Western World's most intriguing and convincing modern case histories of reincarnation."
On my first trip to Egypt, our guide asked if I had heard of Omm Sety. I hadn't. Three days later, he found a copy of Jonathan Cott's The Search for Omm Sety for me. It was a fascinating book, and I finished it before I left Egypt. One of the more interesting factoids about this book is that it was a project of Jackie Kennedy's when she was an editor at Doubleday. Jackie met Omm Sety during a tour of Egypt and remained fascinated with her. My guide had worked with a number of Egyptologists in his younger days, including those at Chicago House. I asked him what they thought of her. His reply, "They're very careful, but they all say something's there." Indeed, if you look at various documentaries, you will find various Egyptologists making their way to Omm Sety's home and consulting with her. The moments are brief, but they are included.
Other books by and about Omm Sety include:
- Mistress of the Temple - A novel based on Omm Sety's life.
- Omm Sety's Egypt: A Story of Ancient Mysteries, Secret Lives, and the Lost History of the Pharaohs - Revelations in Egyptology, based on the diaries of Dorothy Eady, better known as Omm Sety
- Omm Sety's Abydos (Society for the Study of Egyptian Antiquities Publications) Paperback by Dorothy Louise Eady
- Abydos: Holy City of Ancient Egypt by Omm Sety
- Omm Sety's Living Egypt: Surviving Folkways from Pharaonic Times by Omm Sety (Author), Nicole B Hansen (Editor).
Now, for the videos.
Omm Sety Priestess of Abydos
Omm Seti - Trecho do Documentário: Egypt; Quest for Eternity
The Best Documented Story of Reincarnation Ever Told
Monday, March 6, 2017
Egyptian 'Seven Sacred Oils' relief recovered from Switzerland
Egypt’s embassy in Bern, Switzerland received the ancient Egyptian Seven Sacred Oils relief within the framework of a bilateral agreement between Switzerland and Egypt prohibiting illegally importing and exporting antiquities, Minister of Antiquities Mamdouh Eldamaty announced Thursday.
Note: The seven sacred oils are those used in the Opening of the Mouth Ritual for the anointing of the mouth and eyes of the statue or mummy of the deceased. For more information see The Book of Opening the Mouth, E.A. Wallace Budge, 1909. . or look under "Opening the Mouth" in any modern Egyptological reference work.
Suggestions for the reading of the Seven Sacred Oils listed in the tablet in the Centenary Exhibition are as follows (from right to left):
setji-heb oil (festival perfume) [sT(i)-Hb]
sefetji oil (unknown origin) [sfT]
heknu oil (oil of praising) [Hknw]
nekhenem oil (unknown origin) [nXnm]
tewat oil (unknown origin) [twA(w)(t)]
ash oil (best quality oil of conifer or cedar) [HAt aS]
tjehenu oil (best quality oil from Libya) [THnw]
Here's a closer look at the heiroglyphs.
Religion in ancient Egypt was fully integrated into the people's daily lives. The gods were present at one's birth, throughout one's life, in the transition from earthly life to the eternal, and continued their care for the soul in the afterlife of the Field of Reeds. The spiritual world was ever present in the physical world and this understanding was symbolized through images in art, architecture, in amulets, statuary, and the objects used by nobility and clergy in the performance of their duties.
Recently, a visitor to Special Collections asked to see a selection of manuscript letters written by Sir Flinders Petrie. I was immediately intrigued and taken back to the time when, many moons ago now (!) I was a young archaeology student and Petrie was one of my great heroes. Hoping to follow in his footsteps by making a fantastic discovery in the sands of time helped to motivate me during many long days of back-breaking labour under a burning Mediterranean sun. Well, we all have our youthful dreams!
More than a grain of truth
Egyptologists have long tried to glean the ancient Egyptian environment from fragmented documents and colorful scenes of the Nile and its canals painted on the walls of tombs and temples.
Archaeologist Angus Graham of the Uppsala University, Sweden and his international team are teaming up to reconstruct the ancient waterscapes in Luxor, Egypt, with Karnak temple dedicated to Amun-Ra on the east bank and the Valley of the Kings and the pharaohs’ massive mortuary temples on the West Bank.
Liverpool gets biggest Ancient Egypt gallery outside London
LIVERPOOL'S World Museum is to house the largest Ancient Egypt gallery outside of the British Museum in London.
It will feature rare and never-before-seen artefacts and mummies, including one from the days of Cleopatra.
Arico explores history of pre-dynastic Egyptian objects
Ashley Fiutko Arico, who recently earned her Ph.D. in Egyptian Art and Archaeology at Hopkins, held a talk at the University’s Archaeological Museum featuring objects she identified from pre-dynastic Egypt. Her presentation, which took place in Gilman Hall on Friday, Feb. 24, was based on a project she began in 2012. Her presentation explained that the majority of the objects in the Museum were given to the University by the Egyptian Exploration Fund (EEF).