Monday, October 16, 2017

Ancient Egypt October 16


Archaeologists discovers long-lost chamber
Ministry of Antiquities

Archaeologists may have discovered the first evidence of a long-lost satellite pyramid for Ancient Egypt's Queen Ankhnespepy II. A Swiss-French mission uncovered a 4,000-year-old granite pyramidion – the uppermost part of a pyramid – while excavating near the Saqqara necropolis, a vast ancient burial ground about 20 miles south of Cairo.

YOU MIGHT BE ABLE TO GOOGLE TRANSLATE HIEROGLYPHICS IN THE NEAR FUTURE

The creators of Assassin's Creed: Origins - set in ancient Egypt - are creating a Google translate-like system for hieroglyphics. . .Now, they’re teaming up with Egyptologists once more, along with tech giant Google, and putting to use their Artificial Intelligence capabilities to create a system that automatically deciphers hieroglyphics, translating them to modern languages.

Valley of the Kings
PHOTOGRAPH BY KENNETH GARRETT

The "Gateway to the Afterlife" provides a window to the past. The ancient Egyptians built massive public monuments to their pharaohs. But they also spent time and treasure creating hidden underground mausoleums.

The most famed collection of such elaborate tombs—the Valley of the Kings—lies on the Nile's west bank near Luxor.

Ancient mummies take HK by storm

The mummies are here - but not for much longer.

The hugely popular exhibition Eternal Life - Exploring Ancient Egypt resulted from the mummies being brought over from the British Museum in London to help mark the 20th anniversary of the handover.

Since setting up shop at the Science Museum in Tsim Sha Tsui East the six ancient Egyptian mummies have attracted more than 760,000 visitors or an average of more than 8,000 a day. The exhibition will run for another 10 days.

The lower part of 26th Dynasty king Psamtik I colossus uncovered in Cairo's Matariya

The Egyptian-German Archaeological Mission uncovered most of the remaining parts of the recently discovered colossus of 26th Dynasty King Psamtik I (664-610 BC) while excavating at the temple of Heliopolis in the Souk Al-Khamis area of Matariya district in east Cairo.

El Soboo' in the time of the Ancient Egyptians
Mother and Daughter [Photo: fragmented from El Osrah Ayam El Faraana Book by Zahi Hawas

El Soboo' or The First Week celebration of the child's birth is a common tradition in Egyptian Society.

The tradition was inherited from Ancient Egyptians, as celebrating new-borns first originated in their society. The reason behind choosing the seventh day has to do with their beliefs that the child begins to cultivate the sense of hearing on the seventh day after his/her birth.


Marriage in Ancient Egypt (video)

Why didn’t the ancient Egyptians have a marriage ceremony? What was family life like in ancient Egypt? Find out in this video.

Friday, October 13, 2017

September Reads



Every Heart a Doorway (Wayward Children) by Seanan McGuire

Synopsis: Eleanor West's Home for Wayward Children
No Solicitations
No Visitors
No Quests

Children have always disappeared under the right conditions; slipping through the shadows under a bed or at the back of a wardrobe, tumbling down rabbit holes and into old wells, and emerging somewhere... else.

But magical lands have little need for used-up miracle children.

Nancy tumbled once, but now she's back. The things she's experienced... they change a person. The children under Miss West's care understand all too well. And each of them is seeking a way back to their own fantasy world.

But Nancy's arrival marks a change at the Home. There's a darkness just around each corner, and when tragedy strikes, it's up to Nancy and her new-found schoolmates to get to the heart of things.

No matter the cost.

My take:  This novella won a LOT of awards, and it deserved every one of them. It's an interesting concept, and McGuire executes that concept well. It does an excellent job of evoking the terrors of childhood and taking them to the next level. Every Heart was in turns atmospheric, poetic, and terrifying, and it held my attention throughout. I highly recommend it.

Rosemary and Rue (October Daye Series Book 1) by Seanan McGuire

Synopsis: The world of Faerie never disappeared; it merely went into hiding, continuing to exist parallel to our own. Secrecy is the key to Faerie's survival—but no secret can be kept forever, and when the fae and mortal worlds collide, changelings are born.

Outsiders from birth, these half-human, half-fae children spend their lives fighting for the respect of their immortal relations. Or, in the case of October "Toby" Daye, rejecting it completely. After getting burned by both sides of her heritage, Toby has denied the fae world, retreating into a “normal” life. Unfortunately for her, Faerie has other ideas...

The murder of Countess Evening Winterrose, one of the secret regents of the San Francisco Bay Area, pulls Toby back into the fae world. Unable to resist Evening’s dying curse, Toby must resume her former position as knight errant to the Duke of Shadowed Hills and begin renewing old alliances that may prove her only hope of solving the mystery...before the curse catches up with her.

My take:  I read this book because I enjoyed Every Heart a Doorway. Maybe because Every Heart was such a great read, I was disappointed in  a novel that was basically just OK;I probably won't read the next ten books. To put it mildly, I'm weary and burned out of kick-ass heroines who prove their kick-assedness by acting inept and getting themselves in situations where they no other recourse than to be kick ass.

Yes, McGuire does some nice work with Faerie, and that part of the novel is fresh and exciting.  But world building alone is not enough.  I just can't get excited about the main character, October Daye, because I've seen her way too often. Rosemary and Rue is the first book in the series, and it was written eight years ago. So, the series might get better in later books. I just can't summon sufficient enthusiasm to find out.

A God Against the Gods by Allen Drury
Return to Thebes: Sequel to A God Against the Gods by Allen Drury
Synopsis 1: The sweeping chronicle of a great and tragic pharaoh who lost his throne for the love of a God.

In the glory of ancient Egypt, an epic of a royal family divided, bloody power ploys, and religious wars that nearly tore apart one of the greatest empires in human history.

AKHENATEN: The dream-filled King of Egypt, who dared to challenge the ancient order of his people and dethrone the jeslous dieties of his land for the glory of one almighty God.

NEFERTITI: The most beautiful woman in the world, bred from birth to be the Pharaoh’s devoted lover—and to follow him anywhere, even in his tortured obsessions.

“Drury’s best book”—Fort Worth Star Telegram

Synopsis 2:  The spectacular conclusion to the Egyptian epic begun in A God Against the Gods. After his brother’s assassination, a new Pharaoh must take the throne and battle the corrupt and violent priesthood. His name is TUTANKHAMUN.

Pulitzer Prize winning author Allen Drury paints a vivid, dramatic picture of the most tumultuous times in one of the greatest empires in human history. Following the murder of Akhenaten and the beautiful Nefertiti and the religious uproar that threatens to tear Egypt apart, the pharoah has to defy the gods in order to rule his people.

The master writer recreates ancient Egypt with all its pomp, glory, politics, and treachery, and brings legendary titans of history to life, with all their tragic—and all too human—flaws.

My take:   I'm generally not a big fan of the Amarna Period or of Akhenaten, Nefertiti, and Tut. That said, I did read three novels about them this month. Of the three, I ended up liking these two the best.  First published in 1976, I'm not sure they'd get published today because they require some rigorous discipline to get through the complicated world that was Ancient Egypt, and they are not action-oriented in the way so many books are today. The book was well-researched, although I must mention that in the intervening 41 years since these books were written, new discoveries have superseded some of  the facts that were "known" about the time period.

First and foremost, Drury brought these figures to life for me in a way that no other writer has. The various intrigues of the royal family, the odd relationship between Nefertiti and Akhenaten, a truly logical explanation of Smenkhkare, and attention to detail kept me turning the page. I also rather enjoyed the Horemheb  and Ramses I portrayals, which are also different that what you read in many books.  Mostly, I just enjoyed the fact that none of these characters simpered as many Amarna characters in contemporary novels do.

Yes, I did feel that I was in Ancient Egypt, because the details were really good. I could have done, however, with a few less repetitions of the entire Hymn to the Aten. Overall, anyone who is interested in Ancient Egypt or how religion can change the world and what happens to the people involved in both the new and old religion will find this book mesmerizing.

Nefertiti: The Book of the Dead (Rahotep Series) by Nick Drake

Synopsis: She is Nefertiti—beautiful and revered. With her husband, Akhenaten, she rules over Egypt, the most affluent, formidable, sophisticated empire in the ancient world. But an epic power struggle is afoot, brought on by the royal couple's inauguration of an enlightened new religion and the construction of a magnificent new capital. The priests are stunned by the abrupt forfeiture of their traditional wealth and influence; the people resent the loss of their gods—and the army is enraged by the growing turbulence around them. Then, just days before the festival that will celebrate the new capital, Nefertiti vanishes.

Rahotep, the youngest chief detective in the Thebes division, has earned a reputation for his unorthodox yet effective methods. Entrusted by great Akhenaten himself with a most secret investigation, Rahotep has but ten days to find the missing Queen. If he succeeds, he will bask in the warmth of Akhenaten's favor. But if Rahotep fails, he and his entire family will die.

My take:  This novel is a solid (if plodding) mystery. As familiar as I am with the characters and the twists and turns of mysteries, I found myself going "Huh?" a little too often with this novel. Rahotep is, as should be, the most interesting character, but Drake doesn't do enough to develop Nefertiti. As a result, we don't care much about her. I was carried along mostly by the desire to see Rahotep not die, but I would not have been too sad if he did.  Drake, unlike Drury, did not do a great job at creating a "picture" of this era, and the novel might well have been set at any time and place that was undergoing great social upheaval.

Secrets in Death: An Eve Dallas Novel (In Death, Book 45) by J.D. Robb

Synopsis: The chic Manhattan nightspot Du Vin is not the kind of place Eve Dallas would usually patronize, and it’s not the kind of bar where a lot of blood gets spilled. But that’s exactly what happens one cold February evening.

The mortally wounded woman is Larinda Mars, a self-described “social information reporter,” or as most people would call it, a professional gossip. As it turns out, she was keeping the most shocking stories quiet, for profitable use in her side business as a blackmailer. Setting her sights on rich, prominent marks, she’d find out what they most wanted to keep hidden and then bleed them dry. Now someone’s done the same to her, literally—with a knife to the brachial artery.

Eve didn’t like Larinda Mars. But she likes murder even less. To find justice for this victim, she’ll have to plunge into the dirty little secrets of all the people Larinda Mars victimized herself. But along the way, she may be exposed to some information she really didn’t want to know…

My take:  I'm just not going to keep explaining my love of the Eve Dallas books. I devoured it in one night. . . . the night it came out. So, there.

Rewinder (Rewinder Series Book 1) by Brett Battles

Synopsis: You will never read Denny Younger’s name in any history book, but the world as you know it wouldn’t be the same without him. Denny was born into one of the lowest rungs of society, but his bleak fortunes changed the day the mysterious Upjohn Institute recruited him. The role: “verifier of personal histories.” The job title: Rewinder. After accepting the offer, Denny discovers he’ll have to do his research in person…by traveling through time.

Using a device capable of opening a portal into any era from the past, Denny is sent back to serve as an eyewitness to significant moments in human history. But as he journeys across the centuries, he begins to suspect that his missions to “observe and report” have a much darker purpose. When a time jump drops Denny into the midst of a rebellion, he finds himself in over his head in a deadly game where even the smallest choices can have catastrophic consequences.

Armed only with his wits and his time-travel device, Denny’s adventures take readers on a pulse-pounding journey of page-turning twists. But will everything he’s got be enough?

My take:  An  intriguing book that presents a good alternate history. It's the light version of Connie Willis' The Doomsday Book and Stephen King's 11/22/63. I liked it well enough, but I'm not one of those people who obsess on what happens if you go back and time and try to change the past. So issues that other reviewers had about the sci-fi not being rigorous enough didn't bother me. On the other hand, the characters and the plot didn't enthrall me enough to reach for the second book in the series, either. It was just an enjoyable weekend read.


Rhapsodic (The Bargainer Book 1) by Laura Thalassa

Synopsis: Callypso Lillis is a siren with a very big problem, one that stretches up her arm and far into her past. For the last seven years she’s been collecting a bracelet of black beads up her wrist, magical IOUs for favors she’s received. Only death or repayment will fulfill the obligations. Only then will the beads disappear.

Everyone knows that if you need a favor, you go to the Bargainer to make it happen. He’s a man who can get you anything you want … at a price. And everyone knows that sooner or later he always collects.

But for one of his clients, he’s never asked for repayment. Not until now. When Callie finds the fae king of the night in her room, a grin on his lips and a twinkle in his eye, she knows things are about to change. At first it’s just a chaste kiss—a single bead’s worth—and a promise for more.

My take:  This book might be some combination of Lolita , Rosemary and Rue, and Eve Dallas (which I also read this month). It was not a sappy romance, and Callie was a well-developed character who brought a lot to the novel. The mystery was also well-developed, and Thalassa did a really great job of portraying the young Callie as an abused and desperate girl who catches the eye and heart of a bad guy with a heart of gold.  Yep, this read was fun and satisfying.

Monday, October 9, 2017

Ancient Egypt October 9



Did the Egyptians create a canal and a port to bring stone to the Great Pyramid?

A Boston-based archaeologist has developed a theory that the Egyptians delivered stone to the pyramids at Giza through a system of canals and harbors, shedding more light on the mystery of how ancient people — sorry, not aliens — built the massive structures.

Mark Lehner, director of Ancient Egypt Research Associates, says his research indicates that, when the Nile River was in flood, Egyptians could steer boats laden with stone to a major port city at the pyramid complex.

Archaeologists unearth largest-ever discovered obelisk fragment from Egypt’s Old Kingdom

A Swiss-French archaeological mission at the Saqqara necropolis, directed by Professor Philippe Collombert from the University of Geneva, has unearthed the upper part of an Old Kingdom obelisk that belonged to Queen Ankhnespepy II, the mother of King Pepy II (6th Dynasty, Old Kingdom, around 2350 BC).

Curated: Halloween Edition

In ancient Egypt, many priests were also physicians. A priest-physician might diagnose a stomach aliment, provide a treatment of honey, and then instruct the patient to pray to Horus—the God of protection—for healing.

“We have evidence of what we call today the placebo effect,” said Dirk Van Tuerenhout, Ph.D., curator of anthropology at the Houston Museum of Natural Science (HMNS). “If you were stung by a scorpion or bitten by a snake, or worse a Nile crocodile, in which case you would most likely be dead, what people would do when they got home was pour water over representations of Horus.


Ancient wall markings of wild animals uncovered in South Aswan

During an archaeological survey in the desert of Subeira Valley, south Aswan, an Egyptian archaeological mission from the Ministry of Antiquities stumbled upon pre-Dynastic rock markings.

Mostafa Waziri, secretary-general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities, explained that the markings can be dated to the late pre-Dynastic era, and were found engraved on sandstone rocks.

Astounding Animation Reconstructs Philae – The Magnificent Ancient Egyptian Island Temple Complex
Credit: Ivan Marcialis. Source: Wikimedia Commons

Often thought of as the last active refuge of the native ancient Egyptian religion, the island temple complex of Philae (or Pilak, meaning ‘the end’ or ‘boundary’) was originally located near the massive First Cataract of the Nile in Upper Egypt. Probably comprising two islands, the conglomerate site of Philae (1,500 by 490 ft) was mythically related to the burial place of god Osiris – thus making it an important pilgrimage center for both Egyptians and the Nubians. Building upon this ambit of reverence, the later Egyptians, Greeks (Ptolemaic dynasty) and even Romans furnished their fair share of architectural features – which collectively translated to the magnificent ancient Egyptian island temple complex of Philae.

Love, marriage and divorce in Ancient Egypt

Egyptians inherit many social traditions and customs from their early historic roots, so Egypt Today will give a quick overview on the history of love, marriage and divorce.

“Love your wife and make her happy as long as you live.” One of the Ancient Egyptian thinker Ptahhotep’s wisdoms.

He stressed that love is the main basis for marriage in ancient Egyptian life.

'William' The Met Mascot Celebrates Its 100th Anniversary

(Courtesy: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, Gift of Edward S. Harkness, 1917 (17.9.1))

The Metropolitan Museum of Art is celebrating the 100th anniversary of "William" its mascot with a small installation “Conversation between Two Hippos”.

The installation juxtaposes two small sculptures an ancient Egyptian faience hippopotamus with a 20th-century American glazed earthenware work inspired by it. It celebrates the 100th anniversary of the acquisition of the faience hippopotamus by the museum. It has been named as "William" and is the unofficial mascot for The Met.

Gypsum head of King Akhenaten statue unearthed in Minya: statement

A British-Egyptian archaeological mission from Cambridge University discovered a gypsum head, on Saturday, from a statue of King Akhenaten (around 1300 BC) during excavation work in Tel El-Amarna in Minya governorate.

The head – which is 9cm tall, 13.5 cm long and 8 cm wide – was unearthed during an excavation dig in the first hall of the Great Atun Temple in Tel El-Amarna, secretary-general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities Mostafa Waziri said in a statement released by Egypt’s ministry of Antiquities.
What I’m Reading: An Interview with Archaeologist (and Historian) Joyce Tyldesley

What books are you reading now?

My teaching term has just ended, so I am currently relaxing by re-reading Elizabeth Peter’s Amelia Peabody books. These deal with the late 19th and early 20th century excavation of several well-known Egyptian sites. They are of course fiction, but Elizabeth Peters was the pen name of the respected Egyptologist Barbara Mertz, and so alongside the mystery, they provide a fairly accurate account of life on an archaeological dig at this time.

10 hidden gems in Alexandria you should definitely see

Across the globe, there are countless of astonishing and fascinating destinations just waiting for you to explore and experience their beauty.

Without a doubt, Egypt is one of them.

Worth touring are well-known monuments such as the pyramids, of course, but no trip to Egypt would be complete without a visit to Alexandria, a city in the north dubbed 'The Bride of The Mediterranean Sea'.

Egypt's Alexandria hosts Cleopatra-themed celebration

The Egyptian coastal province of Alexandria on Saturday held a festive event themed "Cleopatra's Dream" to highlight the discovered sunken palace and city of the ancient Egyptian queen.

A massive ancient-like parade, starting from Qaitbay Citadel, headed to newly-inaugurated diving center Alexandria Dive, with a young lady playing Queen Cleopatra seated on a golden throne and accompanied by dozens of officers and maidens.

Monday, October 2, 2017

Ancient Egypt October 2



TEA WITH THE SPHINX

Tea with the Sphinx: Reception of Ancient Egypt’s Myth, Magic and Mysticism
University of Birmingham - 6th-8th September 2018

At the first roundtable of ‘Tea with the Sphinx: Defining the Field of Ancient Egypt Reception Studies’ in September 2017 a debate arose surrounding the idea of ‘truth’, ‘facts’, the ways in which knowledge is formed in the popular imagination, and how this relates to reception studies as a field. This prompted discussion surrounding how reception studies should define itself, but also, and just as importantly, how myth, incorrect ‘facts’, and changing knowledge can be valuable in constructing a picture of how the knowledge of the ancient past and cultures has been formed, used and re-used, contributing to an ever-evolving history of the representation of ancient Egypt and its cultural offshoots.

Two toes of King Psamtik I statue excavated in Matariya

The Egyptian-German archaeological mission operating in Matariya area discovered on Sunday two toes belonging to the statue of King Psamtik I, which was excavated in March, sources with the Antiquities Ministry told Al-Masry Al-Youm on Monday.

The statue was mistaken for King Ramses II in March before the Antiquities Ministry announced it belonged to Psamtik I.

The Story Behind That Giant Egyptian-Themed Mausoleum In Allegheny Cemetery

There are more than a few Egyptian-themed tombs sprinkled amid the sprawling expanse of Pittsburgh’s Allegheny Cemetery, but among the looming obelisks, pyramidal headstones and even its fellow mausoleums, there is one imposing white granite structure that stands out.

Has mystery of how ancient Egyptians built the Great Pyramid been solved?

New findings at the site of Giza have answered one of history's most puzzling questions on how the ancient Egyptians built the Great Pyramid, according to archaeologists. In a British documentary Egypt’s Great Pyramid: The New Evidence, archaeologists said Egyptians transported over 170,000 tons of limestone to build King Khufu’s tomb using purpose-built boats.

More articles about this story:


Theatre Review: ‘PHARAOH: The Female King of Egypt’ by AMillionMees Productions at Baltimore Theatre Project
Michal Roxie Johnson as Hatshepsut.  Photo provided by Baltimore Theatre Project.

Step aside Cleopatra. Behold Hatshepsut, ancient Egypt’s first and only female king. Although her successor attempted to erase the history of this unprecedented pharaoh through desecration of her monuments and more, Hatshepsut’s legacy is resurrected in “PHARAOH: The Female King of Egypt.” Written by Washington D.C. native Tim Hogan, this is no dry excerpt from Encyclopedia Britannica. On the contrary, this one-woman show supported by a talented group of actors and dancers utilizes the time-honored African-American tradition of storytelling to paint lively, memorable pictures of history, a history that seems strangely relevant today.

The mummified fetus and other mysterious treasures in Wales's largest ancient Egypt collection

Did you know that the largest collection of Egyptian objects in Wales can be found in The Egypt Centre Museum of Egyptian Antiquities?

Based in Swansea University's Taliesin Arts Centre, it houses more than 5,500 items, including such rare curiosities as a mummy’s coffin and a mummified snake.



Toledo Museum of Art again to feature two ancient Egyptian mummies

The ancient Egyptian mummies brought to the Toledo Museum of Art more than 100 years ago by the institution’s founder will return to public view early next year.

The two mummified humans, last placed on exhibit at the museum in 2010, were purchased and brought to Toledo in 1906 by Florence and Edward Drummond Libbey, TMA’s founder, after the couple traveled Egypt.

Edfo Temple expansion discovered

The Egyptian Tourism and Antiquities Police unearthed a new archeological discovery, the expansion of Edfo Temple, in Aswan.

The police found a number of historical artifacts dating back to the Ptolemaic period.

The discovery was made by chance. Khaled El Esawy, from the Tourism and Antiquities Police in Aswan noticed that citizens were performing illegal searches for artifacts under his home.


Decorated Doorway to North Chapel, Tomb of Puyemre Norman de Garis Davies (1865–1941)
Period: New Kingdom Dynasty: Dynasty 18 Reign: Joint reign of Hatshepsut and Thutmose III Date: ca. 1473–1458 B.C


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Friday, September 29, 2017

Ancient Egypt September 29


Lots of news this week required a second edition.

Astounding Animation Glimpses Into Amarna, The Royal Egyptian City Of Akhenaten

The royal city of Amarna was a relatively ‘new’ settlement if viewed from the perspective of Ancient Egyptian history. Built almost 1,200 years after the Great Pyramid (circa 1346 BC), the entire city was actually constructed on a virgin site, on the orders of the Pharaoh Amenhotep IV – who was later known as Akhenaten. And while this urban scope was situated almost midway between Cairo (Giza) and Luxor, on the east bank of the Nile River (presently in the Egyptian province of Minya), the city both inspired and instigated various sections of the Egyptian elite – since it was dedicated to

How the Met Convinced the U.S. Government That the Temple of Dendur Belonged in New York
The Temple of Dendur in situ, ca. 1865–1885. Photo by Antonio Beato. Courtesy of the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

In the summer of 1968, a freighter set sail from the Mediterranean Sea to New York City. Stowed in its hold were canned tomatoes, maraschino cherries, wheels of cheese—and a centuries-old Nubian temple, dismantled and packed away into 640 crates for its international voyage.

These ancient sandstone blocks, 800 tons in total, were a gift from Egypt to the United States. A year earlier, President Lyndon B. Johnson had declared that the Metropolitan Museum of Art would serve as the Temple of Dendur’s new home; this month marks the 50th anniversary of that decision. For the occasion, the museum has cleaned the temple’s sandstone facade and unearthed a wealth of archival material.

Exhibit illustrates magical powers of Book of the Dead in ancient Egypt
Photo by
Jean Lachat

In ancient Egypt, you did not go to the afterlife empty-handed. The Book of the Dead, a collection of spells and charms, was there to guide you.

Starting Oct. 3, visitors to the Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago will have a unique opportunity to peruse copies of the Book of the Dead: Two 2,200-year-old papyri, each more than 30 feet long and beautifully illustrated with texts and images. They are on display in their entirety for the first time at a museum, accompanied by the mummy of a woman who lived over 2,000 years ago, as well as statues, stelae, scarabs, magic bricks, ushabtis (small funerary figurines) and other artifacts.

6 of Egypt's most fascinating archaeological discoveries

For numerous reasons, Egypt is a fascinating country.

In terms of history, it's one of the richest countries in the world and there is no shortage of places to visit to experience that wealth.

Egypt thrived for thousands of years as an independent nation whose culture was famous for great human advances in every area of knowledge, from the arts and sciences to technology and religion.

What it's like to crawl inside a 3,500-year-old Egyptian tomb

A man in a gray robe and white headscarf brushes the dust, undisturbed for thousands of years, off a human skull, one of many messily discarded by grave robbers.

"They were searching for gold and jewelry, and when they didn't find it they just threw everything over here," says Ali Farouq al-Gaftawi, the veteran foreman at the excavation at Draa Abu Al-Naga, a barren desert hillside overlooking the lush, green Nile Valley.


Grand Egyptian Museum receives artefacts ahead of launch

Ten ancient Egyptian artefacts, including a part of the Sphinx’s beard, were moved to the new Grand Egyptian Museum in Cairo on Wednesday.

The new museum is set to be the world’s largest archaeological museum when it opens in 2018.

“Ten heavy artefacts are being moved from the Egyptian museum in Tahrir to the Grand Egyptian Museum. These artefacts will be displayed near the grand staircase which will lead to all of the main exhibition halls,” said Tarek Tawfiq, General Supervisor, Grand Egyptian Museum

How were the Egyptian pyramids built? Why and when were they constructed, how many are there and who built them?
Image-Getty Contributor

THEY'RE one of the most impressive sights on Earth, and the only remaining Ancient Wonder of the World. Here's everything you need to know about the incredible Egyptian pyramids

Clues to ancient past—baby mummy, dinosaur skulls scanned

The mummified remains of a 7-month-old baby boy and pieces of skull from two teenage Triceratops underwent computed tomography (CT) scans Saturday, Sept. 16, at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, in hopes researchers could learn more about the ancient past. The project is a collaboration between the Saint Louis Science Center and the School of Medicine.

Sphinx, Baboon and Cat Statues Found in Ancient Egyptian Burial

After years of being washed, perfumed and fed in ancient Egypt, the statue of a revered Egyptian deity was given a proper burial with other "dead" statues more than 2,000 years ago, a new study finds.

Ancient Egyptians buried the statue of the deity Ptah — the god of craftsmen and sculptors — with other revered statues, including those of a sphinx, baboon, cat, Osiris and Mut, in a pit next to Ptah's temple.

Kinross Wolaroi School musical takes audiences back to ancient Egypt

Year 5 and 6 students from Kinross Wolaroi School have put on a singing and dancing spectacular as part of their school music and there is one show left of Slaves.

Year 6 teacher Romko Hordynsky has been writing and directing the schools musicals for about 30 years and this year was no different.

Along with writing the plot, Mr Hordynsky also created the musical score for the latest production, Slaves, set in Ancient Egypt.

Under the Protection of the Gods painting by 'Howard Carter 1908'



Tuesday, September 26, 2017

Ancient Egypt September 26


Kyphi incense: Things that delight in the night

I recently discovered a pot of kyphi incense in Glastonbury in the delightful shop Starchild. I had heard about kyphi before but had never used it. It has the most amazing scent! It smells sweet, earthy and provocative.

Kyphi (kapet) is an ancient Egyptian incense blend burnt for use in ritual, healing and within the home. It was believed to be made from ‘things that delight in the night’. Although recipes for a similar incense were also created in ancient Greece.

THE SILVER PHARAOH PSUSENNES I FACING THE AFTERLIFE IN STYLE

The tomb of Pharaoh Psusennes 1 ruler of the 21st dynasty, he who reigned from 1036 to 989 BCE, is surely one of the most underrated discoveries in the scheme of things at Egypt.

The Kings and Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt surrounded themselves with treasures, mostly fashioned from gold.

Remembering a Pharaoh

The life of the ancient Egyptian Pharaoh Amenhotep II is being relived in a major exhibition in Milan, reports Nevine El-Aref.

It seems that the shadow cast over Italian-Egyptian relations is about to disappear. The ambassadors of both countries have returned, and the ancient Egyptians will be spending the autumn in Milan in “The Extraordinary Discovery of Pharaoh Amenhotep II” exhibition inaugurated last week at the city’s Museum of Cultures (MUDEC).

Hawass to write opera about Tutankhamen
Tutankhamen - Wikipedia

Famous Egyptian archaeologist Zahi Hawass announced on Monday, September 11, during his speech in the book signing ceremony of the Italian novel Il loto e il Papiro “The Lotus and Papyrus”, that he will write a special opera pertaining to the life of the great Pharaonic King Tutankhamen on the occasion of the centennial of the discovery of the king’s tomb.

The special ways ancient Egyptians educated their children

Ancient Egyptians gave special attention to educating their children.

Archeologist Ahmed Amer explained that fathers taught their children various basic educational principles. For example, farmers' sons received a formal education, teaching them how to plant seeds and harvest fruit.

Deconstructing Kohl

Although it varied from region to region, the traditional method of making kohl involved grinding the minerals galena or stibnite into a fine powder and blending with fat to create a lustrous black paste.

In ancient Egypt, from about 3,100BC, the upper lids of the eye were painted with black galena, while the lower lids were decorated with a paste of green malachite.

Sir Francis Grenfell, Governor of Malta (1899-1903)
The Grenfells at the pyramids. Lady Grenfell stands by the camel’s head. Photo: John Gibbons Studios

Grenfell was a man of deep sympathies and took a keen interest in the lives and history of the people around him. While in Egypt he was engrossed by ancient Egypt and developed a name for himself as an informed Egyptologist and antiquary. He was involved in a number of excavations and amassed a collection of ancient artefacts which he called his ‘antikas’.


There and (eventually) back again: a tale of three papyri

It’s been a busy month for us at the Petrie Museum, not only gearing up for the start of the autumn term but also preparing object loans for upcoming exhibitions..........We also hold a world-renowned collection of papyrus, which is the focus of our ongoing Papyrus for the People project funded by Arts Council England. We have loaned papyri to three very different exhibitions this September, which each tell fascinating stories of life and death in ancient Egypt.

Edfu Temple Reconstruction



Interior of the tomb of Thutmose III (ca. 1481-1425 BC), Valley of the Kings.
From the Egypt Museum Facebook page.