Monday, August 20, 2018

Ancient Egypt August 20 2018




EATAD announces ‘Seven Wonders of Ancient Egypt’
Abydos. Photo © Michalea Moore

The Egyptian Association for Tourism and Archaeological Development (EATAD) has compiled its official “Seven Wonders of Ancient Egypt”, with the Giza pyramids at the top of the list.

Multilingualism along the Nile
Photo courtesy of and © Luigi Prada

When we think of the language of ancient Egypt, the first thing that springs to mind is hieroglyphs carved on temple and tomb walls, the expression of a monolithic and unchangeable culture. Yet this could not be further from the truth. The civilization of ancient Egypt was much more dynamic and open to innovation than we normally give it credit for, and so was its linguistic complexity..

Prehistoric Mummy Reveals Ancient Egyptian Embalming ‘Recipe’ was around for Millennia
Pic credit: Dr Stephen Buckley, University of York

The ancient Egyptians developed sophisticated embalming treatments far earlier and across a wider geographical area than had been previously known, forensic tests on a well-known prehistoric mummy have revealed.

2 Ancient Pieces Discovered during Groundwater Lifting Works in Aswan

The Egyptian Commission affiliated with the Ministry of Antiquities succeeded in discovering two ancient pieces made of mud-sand that date back to the Ptolemaic era.

The discovery was made while the commission was undergoing their current works of removing groundwater from under the Temple of Kom Ombo in the city of Aswan, south of Egypt.

World's oldest cheese found in Egyptian tomb

Aging usually improves the flavor of cheese, but that's not why some very old cheese discovered in an Egyptian tomb is drawing attention. Instead, it's thought to be the most ancient solid cheese ever found, according to a study published in ACS' journal Analytical Chemistry.




Unpublished Egyptian texts reveal new insights into ancient medicine
Instructions for a 3,500-year-old pregnancy test. Credit: Carlsberg Papyrus Collection / University of Copenhagen

The University of Copenhagen in Denmark is home to a unique collection of Ancient Egyptian papyrus manuscripts.

A large part of the collection has not yet been translated, leaving researchers in the dark about what they might contain.

"A large part of the texts are still unpublished. Texts about medicine, botany, astronomy, astrology, and other sciences practiced in Ancient Egypt," says Egyptologist Kim Ryholt, Head of the Carlsberg Papyrus Collection at the University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

WOMEN ROCKED THE ANCIENT WORLD—BUT RULING IT WAS HARDER
Nefertiti, Cleopatra, and Hatshepsut Commanded Empires and Flipped Gender Roles While Pushing Against the Patriarchy

Cleopatra shattered the glass ceiling of power in ancient Egypt. Boudica, the fearsome first-century Celtic Iceni queen, “leaned in” by leading a bloody uprising against the occupying Roman army.

But did either of these women, or a handful of other formidable females whose exploits were recorded by history, ever actually rule the world? That topic took center-stage before an overflow audience at a Zócalo/Getty panel discussion that roamed from pharaonic Egypt to the court of Queen Elizabeth I to the White House.

The Battle Of The Delta (1175 BCE)

The Battle of the Delta was a sea battle between Egypt and the Sea Peoples, circa 1175 BCE when the Egyptian pharaoh Ramesses III repulsed a major sea invasion.

The conflict occurred somewhere at the shores of the eastern Nile Delta and partly on the bord

This major conflict is recorded on the temple walls of the mortuary temple of Pharaoh Ramesses III at Medinet Habu.
Report: Sohag Museum a mirror reflecting Egypt’s history

The Sohag National Museum which overlooks the Nile in the Upper Egyptian town of Sohag was finally inaugurated by Egyptian President Abdel Fatah al-Sisi on Monday.

In 1989, the foundational stones of this museum were first placed. In 1991, the designs and architectural drawing began and the first contractor received the project in 1993. The project was set to be completed in 1995 but this didn’t happen because the museum launch was halted several times due to technical and interior design issues as well as the lack of financial resources.

For a glimpse inside the museum, check out the Egyptian Museum's Facebook page.
Also of interest, The museum of Sohag in numbers.

From the ND Prairie to Egypt
ND native Mark Lehner discovers more mysteries of the Giza Plateau
Submitted Photo Mark Lehner, center, discusses the 2018 excavations at the Kromer Dump site with Mohsen Kamel, left, field director, and archaeologist Aude Gr—zer Ohara, who points to artifacts they discovered. 

World-renowned Egyptologist Mark Lehner’s journey to the Giza Plateau started in North Dakota.

Lehner said his journey to Egypt began more than 40 years ago when in September 1971 he dropped out of college (He’s Dr. Mark Lehner now.) and didn’t know what to do next. He decided he would hitchhike across the country. So he packed a few things and set out from Minot on U.S. Highway 83.

Papyrus of Aaner, priest of the goddess Mut, Third Intermediate Period (1076 – 722 a.C.)

Check out this amazing animation on the Museo Egizio, Torino Facebook page.


Pictures of the Week


Vintage travel posters from The American University in Cairo Press (AUC Press) Facebook page. Oh, how I'd like to have some of these beauties.




The Lucy Gura Archive of the Egypt Exploration Society

The Lucy Gura Archive of the Egypt Exploration Society contains thousands of glass-plate negatives documenting the very earliest years of British archaeology in Egypt. From Petrie’s earliest work in the cemeteries of Abydos through to the excavations of the sacred Buchis bull catacombs in the Bucheum at Armant (ancient Hermonthis), they preserve some of the most significant sites from Egypt’s Pharaonic past.

In 2008 all of the glass-plate negative collections were cleaned and digitised and in 2012–13, many of these slides were subsequently rehoused in archive-standard boxes. However, some 5000 were never rehoused and are at risk of irreparable damage during the forthcoming premises relocation. In order to preserve the negatives for future generations of researchers, they must be rehoused before the move.

Help them here.

Monday, August 13, 2018

Ancient Egypt August 13 2018




New look Bolton Museum to open the doors to Ancient Egypt

Bolton Museum's multi-million Egyptology gallery will be unveiled next month to showcase its Egyptian treasures in all their glory.

Bolton's Egypt will officially welcome people to step back into the land of the Pharoahs on September 22, where they can enter the burial chamber of Thutmose III, of which a full size reproduction has been created.

Karnak on the Cumberland
Victorian-era Egyptomania left its mark on this Nashville landmark. 

There’s a reason the building is affectionately referred to by some as the “Karnak on the Cumberland.” The Downtown Presbyterian congregation was so taken by Egyptomania that its members insisted this infatuation be reflected in the architecture of their church. The result is a stunning, if somewhat unexpected, mixture of Ancient Egyptian and Protestant Christian imagery.

New Egyptian dinosaur reveals ancient link between Africa and Europe
Credit: Andrew McAfee, Carnegie Museum of Natural History

Mansourasaurus shahinae helps fill in gaps of African dinosaurs of Late Cretaceous

When it comes to the final days of the dinosaurs, Africa is something of a blank page. Fossils found in Africa from the Late Cretaceous, the time period from 100 to 66 million years ago, are few and far between. That means that the course of dinosaur evolution in Africa has largely remained a mystery. But in the Egyptian Sahara Desert, scientists have discovered a new species of dinosaur that helps fill in those gaps.

Sphinx discovered during Road Construction between Ancient Temples
(File photo) © Tara Todras-Whitehill / Reuters

An Egyptian infrastructure project has been halted after construction workers found a sphinx-like statue during roadworks between the ancient temples of Karnak and Luxor.


Current GEM logo is temporary: Minister

After the Grand Egyptian Museum (GEM) launched its logo in June, citizens and experts have raised their objections, claiming that the logo is quite mundane and that it does not represent the Ancient Egyptian collection displayed in the museum.

Digital Resources for Teaching Ancient Egypt

As two newcomers to the teaching world, the Nile Scribes are interested in how they can apply digital humanities to their classrooms in the future. During our brief careers as students of Egyptology, we have been personally acquainted with how far digital humanities has come over the last decade, and the development of online resources for Egyptologists. This week, the Nile Scribes are taking a look at some of the digital tools that are available online to help with teaching Egyptology.Digital Resources for Teaching Ancient Egypt,

What is the Egyptian Book of the Dead? (Part 1) - Ancient Egyptian Religion


An introduction to the ancient Egyptian Book of the Dead (Spells of Coming Forth by Day) - what the Book of the Dead is, what the Book of the Dead isn’t, what the Book of the Dead’s purpose was, and why anyone would want a Book of the Dead.



Picture of the Week: 2,300-Year-Old Mummy Unveiled in Saqqara near the Pyramid of Teti


The 2300 year old mummy wearing a golden mask was discovered at Egypt’s Saqqara Pyramids complex south of Cairo in May 2005. The mummy is unidentified from the 30th dynasty, had been closed in a wooden sarcophagus and buried in sand at the bottom of a 20’ shaft before being discovered by Louvre’s Saqqara excavations team. The identity of the mummy is unknown but it is believed that it is from the 30th dynasty (380-343 BC). The ancient Egyptian was probably wealthy owing to the fine gold used to make the mummy’s mask and the location of the burial.

Monday, August 6, 2018

Ancient Egypt August 6 2018



Grand Egyptian Museum receives head of King Senusert I
King Senusret head - Ministry of Antiquites Offical Facebook Page

The Grand Egyptian Museum (GEM) received on Friday the red granite head of the statue of King Senusret I from an antiquities' storehouse in Cairo Citadel in order to be displayed with the opening of the museum in 2019.

In a statement, GEM general supervisor Tareq Tawfiq said the head is carved from red granite and has the common artistic features found in pieces attributed to the Middle Kingdom.

Incredible Electromagnetic Discovery In Great Pyramid Of Giza's Hidden Chambers
Dog enjoying the electronimagnetic energy of the Great Pyramid. © Michalea Moore 2017

The Great Pyramid of Giza is steeped in history and mythology, and as such fascinates researchers from various fields who all want to unravel its many secrets.

Now, an international team of physicists has found that, under the right conditions, the Great Pyramid can concentrate electromagnetic energy in its internal chambers and under its base.

Two Ancient Egyptian tombs uncovered in Minya

The Egyptian-Australian Archaeological Mission of the University of Macquarie, Australia have rediscovered the tombs of two statesmen from the Middle Kingdom of Egypt at the Beni Hassan antiquities area in Minya, Secretary General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities Mostafa al-Waziry announced.

Ancient Egypt: A Tale of Human Sacrifice?
Subsidiary chambers of the tomb of King Den. Photos by the authors
From our modern perspective, the idea of human sacrifice in ancient Egypt is so exotic as to be desirable. But what evidence would really indicate the practice in ancient Egypt? Is it to be found in the pathology of buried individuals, the architecture, the iconographical record, or in oral and written tradition? Are other interpretations equally if not more valid? Our discussion focuses on the early sites of Adaima, Hierakonpolis, Abydos, and Maadi.

Adaima lies about 550km south of Cairo and was primarily excavated between 1989 and 2005. Its two cemeteries contain almost 900 Predynastic graves studied by osteoarchaeologists and anthropobiologists. Some skeletons showed clear cut marks on the upper vertebrae and it seems that skulls were removed after decomposition. But does this constitute human sacrifice?

How Ancient Egypt Shaped Our Idea of Beauty
These cosmetic pots contained kohl, which the ancient Egyptians applied like eye-liner, perhaps to screen out the sun (Credit: Two Temple Place/Ipswich Museum)

Walking around Beyond Beauty, the new exhibition organised by charitable foundation the Bulldog Trust in the neo-Gothic mansion of Two Temple Place in central London, you would be forgiven for thinking that the ancient Egyptians were insufferably vain.

Jean-Claude Golvin Online
ÉGYPTE - OUADI ES SEBOUA - TEMPLE DE RAMSÈS II
Jean-Claude Golvin is a French architect, archaeologist and former researcher at the CNRS (National Center for Scientific Research - Bordeaux III Michel de Montaigne University). He is the world’s first specialist in the visual reconstruction of great sites from the Antiquity.

He has produced over 1000 drawings of ancient and medieval cities and monuments, most of which are deposited at the Departmental Museum of Ancient Arles – the most active museum in France regarding this period in history, second only to the Louvre.

Here is the direct link to the Egypt page.

Where's the Tomb of King Tut's Wife? Valley of the Kings Dig Leaves Mystery

Before ancient Egyptians constructed a tomb they would dig holes that contained buried artifacts. The tomb would then be built nearby. Recently, in the Valley of the Kings (where King Tut was buried), archaeologists unearthed a set of these "foundation deposits," but to their puzzlement, no tomb has been found.

Women Archaeologists Database!
Image: Margaret Murray and Hilda Petrie

"Breaking Ground may as well have been titled 'Against All Odds,' as the women archaeologists whose lives and careers we remember here faced innumerable challenges and difficulties but prevailed to contribute significantly to the expansion of our knowledge of the ancient world."

Explore this database of the intrepid women of archaeology by Brown University.









Picture of the week: Abu Simbel 1930

Abu Simbel Temples in 1930 before the transfer of The Abu Simbel temples. Known as the "Temple of Ramesses, beloved by Amun" it was one of six rock temples. The smaller temple is dedicated to the goddess Hathor.


It was relocated in its entirety in 1968, because it would have been submerged during the creation of Lake Nasser after the building of the Aswan high dam on the Nile River.


Monday, July 30, 2018

Ancient Egypt July 30



Min. of Antiquities seeks to put Egyptian Museum in UNESCO World Heritage
Minister of Antiquities Khaled al-Anany visited the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir on Wednesday-Ministry of Antiquities' official Facebook page

The Ministry of Antiquities is working on a long-term plan to register the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir in the UNESCO World Heritage list, Minister of Antiquities Khaled al-Anany announced on Wednesday.

This was during Anany’s tour at the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir to follow up the upgrade of the displays in the exhibition space and the procedures the museum is set to take after Tutankhamun’s treasures are moved to the Grand Egyptian Museum.

Sailing Toward Osiris Review – Workers Along The Nile

Sailing Toward Osiris is an ancient Egyptian themed worker placement board game, which was released earlier this year (2018), by Daily Magic Games. Designed by W. David MacKenzie, with art from Denis Martynets, the game sees 2 – 5 players spend around 60 – 90 minutes (based on the player count) gathering resources, building grand monuments and negotiating. However, is Sailing Toward Osiris a title that is fit for the new Pharaoh? Let’s find out.

Ancient Egyptian graffiti, burial sites discovered by Yale archaeologists

A team of archaeologists — led by Yale Egyptologist John Darnell — has uncovered a “lost oasis” of archaeological activity in the eastern Egyptian desert of Elkab.

The researchers from the Elkab Desert Survey Project — a joint mission of Yale and the Royal Museums of Art and History Brussels working in collaboration with the Ministry of Antiquities and the Inspectorate of Edfu — surveyed the area of Bir Umm Tineidba, once thought to be devoid of any major archaeological remains. Instead, the team unearthed “a wealth of archaeological and epigraphic material,” says Darnell, including a number of examples of ancient rock art or “graffiti,” the burial site of an Egyptian woman, and a previously unrecorded, enigmatic Late Roman settlement.

The life of Queen Ankhesenamun, sister and wife of Tutankhamun

Ancient Egypt has captivated our imaginations for centuries. Egyptologists have made many fascinating discoveries over the years, but it seems as though just as many mysteries surrounding this ancient culture remain unsolved.

One of these mysteries is the story of Ankhesenamun; although inscriptions have been found that depict some parts of her life, the details are scant. This is in part due to the efforts of Horemheb, the last pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty, to destroy all trace of her father — who he branded a heretic king — and his lineage.

Storied Media Group To Produce Docuseries On Excavation At Egypt’s Valley Of The Kings

Ahead of the 100-year anniversary of the discovery of King Tut’s tomb, Storied Media Group has acquired the production and sponsorship rights to a large archeological excavation in Egypt’s Valley of the Kings, to begin in September, led by renowned Egyptologist and archaeologist Dr. Zahi Hawass. The project is being pitched to multiple networks as a docuseries and possible live-event special. Storied Media Group was selected by Egypt’s Ministry of Antiquities to document the event.

Ancient pottery found near River Nile dates to more than 4,000 years ago

Archaeologists in Egypt have discovered an ancient pottery manufacturing workshop dating to more than 4,000 years ago.

Thursday’s statement by the Antiquities Ministry says the workshop is situated close to the River Nile in Aswan province in southern Egypt.

The Color that Means Both Life and Death

Ancient Egyptians reserved green for the bold beryl complexion of their god of life and death, Osiris – ruler of the underworld, who held dominion over the passage of souls between this world and the next. Typical depictions of Osiris, such as one found on the 13th-Century BC walls of the burial tomb of Horemheb, the last monarch of the 18th dynasty of Egypt, portray a skinny, grassy-skinned god, whose false pharaoh’s beard marks him out as a deity of incontestable pre-eminence.


Important facts about Alexandria’s ancient sarcophagus

The ex-dean of the faculty of Archelogy Cairo University Mohamed Hamza revealed to Egypt Today some important facts about the 2,000-year-old sarcophagus that was unearthed in Alexandria.

Alexandria sarcophagus arrives at new display at Mustafa Kamel Necropolis

Egyptian Ship Model Sheds Light on Bronze Age Warfare and Religion
Building a virtual 3D model of the Gurob model revealed many secrets.

Ancient Egypt conjures visions of towering monuments and glittering gold, but it’s often the small, unassuming archaeological finds that yield the deepest insights. The exhibition Beyond the Nile: Egypt and the Classical World explores some of these underappreciated objects and what they can tell us about the complex interactions among ancient Egypt, Greece, and Rome. This small wooden ship-cart model from an Egyptian tomb is one example.

A 2,000-Year-Old Papyrus to Talk About the Medical Condition Called “Hysterical Apnea”

Finally, they found out what’s written on an ancient papyrus – there are details about a condition which is called “hysterical apnea,” which talks about how women who don’t have enough sex become hysterical. We all know that female hysteria was a common diagnosis once, and there are texts that show that the condition made its appearance back in 1900 BC in ancient Egypt. Hippocrates, who was the founder of medicine, also believed in the existence of this condition from the 5th century BC.

To the King, My Sun, My God, the Breath of My Life… Amarna Letters Paint Remarkable Picture of Ancient Egyptian Rulership

“Your city weeps, and her tears are running, and there is no help for us. For 20 years we have been sending to our lord, the king, the king of Egypt, but there has not come to us a word from our lord, not one.” Amarna Tablet

The Amarna Letters offer a remarkable insight into the hopes, fears, challenges and diplomatic life in ancient Egypt - requests for gold, offers of marriage, warning of a traitor, and promises of loyalty to the pharaoh – these are just some of the themes that appear in this remarkable collection. Numbering almost 400 clay tablets, the content inscribed provides scholars with an unrivalled peek into diplomatic life in Egypt and across the Middle East during the 14th century BC.

Famine Stela: A piece of Pharaonic diary
Famine Stela at Sehel Island in the Nile, Aswan, Upper Egypt- Egypt Today/Mahmoud Sheleib

In the era of King Djoser, King of Upper and Lower Egypt: Neterkhet and founder of the Third Dynasty in the Old Kingdom, a shortage of the Nile flood in 2,700 BC led to a seven-year famine, leaving Egypt in a state of extreme distress. The king was perplexed as grains were insufficient, seeds dried up, people robbed each other, and temples and shrines closed. Looking for an end to his people’s suffering, the king consulted his architect and prime minister, Imhotep, commanding him to dig for a solution in the old sacred texts. Obeying the king’s order, Imhotep headed to a temple in the ancient city of Ain Shams (Old Heliopolis), where he discovered that the solution could be found in the city of Yebu (Aswan or Elephantine), the source of the Nile.

Monday, July 23, 2018

Ancient Egypt July 16 & 23 2018



Grand Egyptian Museum to open in 2020

President Abdel Fattah El Sisi has instructed the government to complete the construction work on Egypt's massive new museum and open it to visitors by 2020, Presidency Spokesman Ambassador Bassam Radi said.

The presidential directives were issued during a meeting President Sisi held Tuesday with Prime Minister Dr Moustafa Madbouli and Antiquities Minister Khaled el-Enani, to review the latest developments pertaining to the progress of work on building the Grand Egyptian Museum (GEM) in Giza.

Hilary Waddington: Lights, camera, action

The Waddington collection in the Lucy Gura archive comprises 3 boxes/files of documents and photographs from the 1930s, which together provide a vivid insight into the experience and practicalities of excavation at Tell el-Amarna (ancient Akhetaten) in Egypt between the wars.


What's Inside This Massive Egyptian Sarcophagus?
Credit: Courtesy Egypt Antiquities Ministry

A massive black granite sarcophagus and a sculpture of a man who may be buried inside have been discovered in a tomb in Alexandria, Egypt.

The granite sarcophagus looks foreboding: It's nearly 9 feet long, 5 feet wide and 6 feet tall (2.7 by 1.5 by 1.8 meters). And, it may be the largest sarcophagus ever discovered in Alexandria, said Mostafa Waziri, general secretary of Egypt's Supreme Council of Antiquities, in a statement released by Egypt's antiquities ministry.

In Ancient Egypt, it was believed that people were protected by mystic eyes. To protect themselves from evil, the ancient Egyptians conducted various rituals including creating talismans to protect them, which is still a practice seen in many cultures today.

In "some sort of carbonated energy drink."

On Thursday, some archeologists over in Egypt decided to go against the threat of a world-ending curse to open up a 2,000-year-old black sarcophagus found in Alexandria. In it they found three skeletons, believed to be of military officials, marinating in a red liquid the Ministry of Antiquities called "sewage." And while the archeologists may not have unleashed an apocalyptic curse upon humanity, they have, however, unearthed at least a couple hundred people who now want to drink the red sarcophagus "juice."

Mummies, embalming equipment discovered south of Pyramid of Unas in Egypt's Saqqara

The Ministry of Antiquities is set to announce the discovery of a number of mummies and embalming equipment at the Saqqara necropolis on Saturday.

The ministry told Ahram Online that the discovery includes a collection of inscribed mummification vessel measuring cups.

QUIZ: WHICH ANCIENT EGYPTIAN QUEEN ARE YOU?

They may be ancient indeed, but boy are they fierce! A few simple questions and we'll tell you which Pharaonic matriarch you probably were in your previous life.

Virtual Reality May Help Save Ancient Egypt's 'Sistine Chapel'

A new virtual reality experience may help save an ancient Egyptian tomb built for Queen Nefertari whose paintings are so beautiful that it has been compared to Italy's Sistine Chapel.

Built around 3,250 years ago for the favorite wife of pharaoh Ramesses II (who reigned from 1279 B.C. to 1213 B.C.), the Tomb of Nefertari is located in the Valley of the Queens, near Luxor. The tomb is open to just small groups of visitors, because the increase in humidity that comes when people enter can damage its paintings.

2-headed ancient Egyptian mummy shown to public for 1st time 

A bizarre mummy from ancient Egypt combining the heads of a girl and a crocodile was photographed for the first time. Before its picture was published in the media, the mummy was hidden from the public eye for more than a century.

The first ever photo of the unusual mummy was unveiled by the Turkish daily Hurriyet. Experts told the paper that the mummy was composed of the head of an unidentified ancient Egyptian princess and the head and body of a Nile crocodile.