Monday, December 11, 2017

Ancient Egypt December 11

A portrait head of Ptolemy VIII

Literary sources describe Ptolemy VIII of Egypt as a terrible man who enjoyed a lavish lifestyle,’ says Max G. Bernheimer, International Head of Antiquities at Christie’s. Grotesquely overweight, he was given the nickname Physkon, which roughly translates as ‘pot-bellied’, or ‘fatty’, explains the specialist.

The studio behind Firewatch heads to Egypt for its new game

Tonight at the awards ceremony/marketing bonanza known as The Game Awards, Campo Santo, the studio behind the acclaimed first-person adventure Firewatch, unveiled its next project. Titled In The Valley Of Gods, it’ll put players in the shoes of a filmmaker who heads to an ancient Egyptian valley with their partner in search of fame and fortune during the 1920s, which happens to coincide with the discovery of King Tut’s tomb and the widespread fascination with Egyptian culture that followed.

Mummies discovered in Elephantine tombs date to Late Period of ancient Egypt

Scans and 3D X-rays on two mummies which were discovered during excavations at the Elephantine tombs, west of Aswan, revealed the mummies date back to the Late Period of ancient Egypt.

Ancient Egyptian cuisine
Photo Courtesy: Andreas Praefcke

Even today, Ancient Egyptians captivate the minds of people around the globe because of their extraordinary contributions to civilization. Egypt Today presents the top facts about Ancient Egyptian cuisine.

Ancient Egypt in pictures

As an elementary school teacher for more than 25 years, George Neeb has given a lot of lessons about ancient Egypt.

There's something about the land of pharaohs that captures the imagination.

But, while he delivered the Grade 4 curriculum covering early societies, Neeb was struck by the lack of historical fiction picture books on the subject. So, he decided to create one of his own.

He's hoping Pharoah's Arrow, which he wrote and illustrated, will become a teaching tool for others.

Stunning 3,000-year-old Egyptian gate . . .

moved from Cairo to the pyramids of Giza to be displayed alongside Tutankhamun's tomb

The gate is made from pink granite and was made in the rule of Amenemhat I
It will undergo restoration and be put on display in the Grand Egyptian Museum
The gate will join thousands of artefacts due to be displayed at the museum
The museum is now scheduled to open partially in 2018

The Temple of Sethos at Abydos Mummication Museum Lecture

It was great to be back at the Mummification Museum for a lecture. There is another on Thursday at 7pm Dr Francisco Martin-Valentine talking about Amen-hotep, Huy Tomb AT 28. And another on Sunday at 5pm subject to be announced.

Tonight’s lecture was live streamed on Facebook by Moamen Saad if you check his Facebook page you will find it.

The Purpose of Art in Ancient Egypt. Part I and Part II.

The image in Ancient Egypt had a power in itself.
Why? Because in addition to evoking a reality, they made it arise. In Ancient Egypt everything that was depicted was also happening.

Sphinx head from "Ten Commandments" movie set found buried in California sand

1923 film "The Ten Commandments"  WARNER BROS. 

In 1956, Charlton Heston made Hollywood history by playing Moses in Cecil B. DeMille's "The Ten Commandments." DeMille's first take on the biblical tale happened 33 years earlier when he released a silent version of the story of the Hebrew exodus from Egypt.

Statues of ancient Egyptian lioness deity Sekhmet uncovered in Luxor

A collection of 27 fragmented statues of the lioness goddess Sekhmet has been uncovered during excavation work at the King Amenhotep III funerary temple at the Kom El-Hettan area on Luxor’s west bank.

Cat lover? US museum explores the power of felines in Ancient Egypt

Thousands of years ago, cats successfully managed to wrap us around their little paws. Nowhere is this clearer than in Ancient Egyptian art and culture, from paintings of felines to mummified cats buried with their masters’ remains.


The black inks that ancient Egyptians used for writing on papyrus texts were made, in part, of metal. A collaboration of international researchers revealed for the first time that despite having their origins vary across time and space, ancient Egyptian papyri contained ink that shared a literal common element: copper.

Treasures From King Tut’s Tomb Are Going on a Blockbuster World Tour
Photo by Harry Burton, courtesy of INTERFOTO/Alamy Stock Photo

King Tut is hitting the road. As the 100th anniversary of the discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun approaches, artifacts from the legendary site are heading on a 10-city international tour. The boy king’s final resting place, undisturbed and completely intact, was discovered by English archaeologist Howard Carter on November 4, 1922, its golden treasures igniting the imaginations of people around the world.

Unlocking the 'Lost City of the Pyramids,' and other Giza mysteries

The pyramids of Giza are loathe to give up their secrets. Over 4,000 years since they were constructed in Egypt's Old Kingdom, archaeologists are still uncovering fresh mysteries from this ancient and beguiling site.

Monday, December 4, 2017

Ancient Egypt December 4

Conspicuous consumption: Edible gold

Ever since the time of the Egyptian pharaohs, gold has been considered to be the only way to win the favor of the Gods. In ancient Egypt, gold leaf was used to decorate the tombs of pharaohs, as well as sarcophagi. The first use of gold has been traced to Alexandria, Egypt, over 5,000 years ago.

New "KING TUT: Treasures of the Golden Pharaoh" Exhibition Will Celebrate 100-year Discovery of King's Tomb with Unprecedented Collection of Priceless Works

A new chapter of ancient Egyptian history will be unearthed to the world with the debut of KING TUT: Treasures of the Golden Pharaoh, an extraordinary and exclusive exhibition celebrating the 100-year anniversary of the discovery of his tomb.

Isis et Osiris en histoire

Illustrations for a book to be published on Egyptian Mythologie : " Isis et Osiris en Histoires"
written by Beatrice Egemar,  Publisher Fleurus Mame

 The illustrations are quite lovely. I can't find any more info on the book or when it's to be published.

Mud brick and termites in Amarna

While famous for its decorated stonework talatat, Amarna was predominantly a mud-brick city. Richard Hughes outlines efforts to protect and stabilise its mud brick ruins.

The siting of Amarna was ideal for its speedy construction via a military-like mass-production campaign making, shifting around and placing down mud bricks (adobes).

Celebrating 115th anniversary of the Egyptian museum
 © Michalea Moore 2017

The Egyptian Museum in Tahrir Square will celebrate on Tuesday, November 28 the museum’s 115th anniversary at 6:30 p.m.

The celebration ceremony, which will take place in the museum, will be attended by Egyptian Minister of Antiquities Khaled al-Anani alongside a group of foreign ambassadors.

Visiting professor reveals secrets of ancient Egyptian mummies

Professor of radiology at Cairo University Sahar Saleem is rewriting history with her research on the mummified pharaohs of the ancient Egyptian New Kingdom.

Saleem presented a few of her findings in the McClung Museum auditorium on Monday night at the 11th annual Harry C. Rutledge Memorial Lecture in Archaeology.

5 minutes with… An ancient Egyptian female figure

Thanks in part to the dry Egyptian desert, this beautiful wood sculpture has survived for some 4,000 years. Antiquities specialist Laetitia Delaloye describes the remarkable piece ahead of its sale in London on 6 December

Foreign diplomats tour Grand Egyptian Museum site ahead of 2018 opening

A delegation of foreign diplomats visited the site of the Grand Egyptian Museum (GEM) on Sunday, inspecting the ongoing construction work in an effort raise the project's profile ahead of its opening in 2018.

New methods for artwork analysis uncover ancient Egyptian practices
(courtesy of John Delaney)

A new blend of imaging technologies has helped archaeologists identify the chemical makeup of an excavated painting, revealing elements of everyday life in second century Egypt.

Researchers from UCLA and the National Gallery of Art in Washington, D.C., published a study earlier this month that examined a more-than-1,800-year-old portrait of a woman. Archaeologists believe the painting, called a mummy portrait because it was found covering the face of a mummified body, depicts a real person who lived in Greek and Roman Egypt.

Pharaonic artifacts found under house in Beni Suef

During a sewage digging operation in the Kom al-Arous village in northern Beni Suef, a worker discovered a stone box and the face of a lion statue believed to be from Egypt’s Pharaonic era.

Secrets of the pyramid builders’ tombs

The pyramid builders’ cemetery on the Giza Plateau has been opened to the public for the first time, 30 years after its original discovery, writes Nevine El-Aref.

At the southern edge of the Giza Plateau lies the pyramids builders’ cemetery with its distinguished architecture announcing to the world that these men were not slaves, as the ancient Greek historian Herodotus claimed, but peasants conscripted on a part-time rotation basis working under the supervision of skilled artisans and craftsmen.

These men, not only built the Pyramids for the Pharaohs, but also designed and constructed their own more modest tombs beside the kings.

New Kingdom axes discovered in Egypt's Aswan

During excavation work at the north-eastern area of Aswan's Komombo temple as part of a project to decrease subterranean water, an Egyptian mission from the Ministry of Antiquities has recently discovered a Hellenic-era limestone block engraved with hieroglyphic inscriptions.
A carpentry workshop was also discovered by a German-Swiss mission led by Cornelious von Pilgrim on Aswan's Elephantine Island in Aswan, where two New Kingdom-era axes were found.

33,000 Egyptian Artefacts are Missing
Credit: Mohamed Abd El Ghany/Reuters

Minister of Antiquities Khaled al-Anani revealed that 33,000 ancient artefacts are missing.

"31,000 of the missed pieces are kept in the house of a citizen, who tried to register them, after the endorsement of the law that allows keeping antiquities under the supervision of the ministry, and bans selling or exploiting them,” Anani said during a parliamentary session.

Discovery of 7000-year-old Egyptian city could shed light on Nile Valley's earliest civilisations
 © Michalea Moore 2017

Archaeologists in Egypt have discovered the ruins of an ancient city and an adjoining cemetery that date back 7000 years to 5,316 BCE. According to a statement by the antiquities ministry, the site can be traced back to Egypt's First Dynasty.

The find was made in the province of Sohag, and is situated 400 meters away from the King Seti I Temple at Abydos city, Egypt Independent reported.

Monday, November 27, 2017

Ancient Egypt November 27

Pharaonic carpentry workshop discovered in Aswan

A German-Swiss archaeological mission discovered an ancient carpentry workshop in the Elephantine Island in Upper Egypt's Aswan Province, the Egyptian Ministry of Antiquities said in a statement on Thursday.

 © Michalea Moore

Archaeologists working at Egypt’s ancient Kom Ombo temple have found a sandstone carving dating back to shortly after the time of Alexander the Great.

According to a Facebook post by Egypt’s Ministry of Antiquities, the “architectural element” was discovered during excavations accompanying a project to lower the temple’s groundwater level.

3D Imaging Takes You Inside The Sarcophagus Of An Ancient Egyptian Girl

Using the latest imaging technology, researchers have “brought to life” a little girl who was mummified in Ancient Egypt over 2,000 years ago.

Sherit, which is ancient Egyptian for “little one”, is a mummified Egyptian child who died two millennia ago. She currently lives at the Rosicrucian Egyptian Museum in San Jose, California.

Lost at sea for 1,000 years, recently discovered Egyptian artifacts headed for St. Louis

For centuries it was the main port of call for trade in ancient Egypt, home to the heroes of Greek legend and a place where titles and power were bestowed on new pharaohs.

The Egyptians called it Thonis. The Greeks called it Heracleion. But for all the ancient texts mentioning it, for more than 1,000 years there were no artifacts, nor any sign on land of the ancient metropolis.

Mystery Deepens as New Void Found in Egyptian Pyramid
 © Michalea Moore

Archaeologists have announced their discovery of a large void within the Great Pyramid of Giza, also known as Khufu’s Pyramid. The find was described as an “exciting new discovery, and potentially a major contribution to our knowledge about the Great Pyramid” by Peter Der Manuelian, Professor of Egyptology and Director of the Harvard Scientific Museum. The existence of this void has sparked renewed curiosity about the Egyptian pyramids.

Roman shipwrecks among latest seafloor discoveries near Alexandria

Three Roman shipwrecks and an ancient Egyptian votive bark to the god Osiris were discovered earlier this week on the Mediterranean seabed near the Egyptian city of Alexandria, along with a collection of smaller artefacts.

International law prevents recovery of Rosetta Stone

n a question and answer session before parliament on Monday, Minister of Antiquities Khaled El-Enany said he regrets that the ministry has not so far been able to recover all Egyptian antiquities smuggled abroad.

"The UNESCO agreement which Egypt signed in 1970 stipulates that an ownership document is a prerequisite in order to be officially able to recover smuggled antiquities," said El-Enany, adding that "for this reason, we have not been able to recover the Rosetta Stone which was smuggled into England in the 19th century."

Forgotten King Tut treasure UNCOVERED

Almost 100 decorative fittings for bow cases, quivers and bridles were found inside the container and they are believed to be from as far away as Syria.

Their story can finally be told after they lay in a wooden container for more than 90 years after being discovered by Brit archaeologist Howard Carter in 1922.

14 ancient Egyptian artefacts including amulets, vase, to be returned from Cyprus

The Egyptian embassy in Cyprus is set to receive a collection of 14 artefacts that have been stolen and illegally smuggled out of the country within a matter of days, an Egyptian antiquities official has said.

Uncovering Secrets of the Sphinx
 (Sandro Vannini / Corbis)

When Mark Lehner was a teenager in the late 1960s, his parents introduced him to the writings of the famed clairvoyant Edgar Cayce. During one of his trances, Cayce, who died in 1945, saw that refugees from the lost city of Atlantis buried their secrets in a hall of records under the Sphinx and that the hall would be discovered before the end of the 20th century.

Modern Style, Ancient Inspiration

Over the past two centuries, Egyptian art has inspired jewellers to create works of great beauty, combining ancient fashion with a modern twist.

The 18th-century European travellers were fascinated with Egypt, its mysterious history, opulent arts and grandiose sites. These travellers often returned home with notes and drawings recording what they had seen, but although their accounts represented the start of Europe’s interest in Egypt, they weren’t the spark that truly inspired European jewellers to work in Egyptian styles. In fact, it was Napoleon Bonaparte’s 1798–1801 military campaign that led Europe to finally discover ancient Egyptian civilization.

A temple for Isis dating back to Ancient Egypt era unearthed

An official mission of archaeological experts unearthed the foundations of a temple for Isis in Tell Atrib located in Banha city, the capital of Qalyubia Governorate.

The foundations of the temple carried many inscriptions and portraits for Isis and Horus and the remains of many of the temple’s walls.

Tutankhamun’s unseen golden treasures go public at Egyptian Museum

Antiquities Minister, Khaled al-Anany, inaugurated on Wednesday a temporary exhibition at the Egyptian Museum displaying Tutankhamun’s golden flakes in public for the first ever time.

Sinhui video 

Assassin's Creed: Sobek

Monday, October 23, 2017

Ancient Egypt October 23

Archaeology: The wonder of the pyramids
James L. Stanfield/NATL Geographic Creative

In Giza and the Pyramids, veteran Egyptologists Mark Lehner and Zahi Hawass cite an Arab proverb: “Man fears time, but time fears the pyramids.” It's a reminder that the great Egyptian complex on the Giza Plateau has endured for some four and a half millennia — the last monument standing of that classical-era must-see list, the Seven Wonders of the World.

Lehner and Hawass have produced an astonishingly comprehensive study of the excavations and scientific investigations that have, over two centuries, uncovered the engineering techniques, religious and cultural significance and other aspects of the Giza site. Three decades in the making, the book has undergone many iterations in step with new findings, from tombs to data gleaned from the study of clay sealings, plant remains, bakeries, abattoirs and workshops.

Colors of Ancient Egypt

Color (Ancient Egyptian name "iwen") was considered an integral part of an item's or person's nature in Ancient Egypt, and the term could interchangeably mean color, appearance, character, being or nature. Items with similar color were believed to have similar properties.

What tracing a tough commute in ancient Egypt reveals about osteoarthritis
The climb to the Valley of the Kings from the village of Deir el-Medina. Anne Austin

Osteoarthritis is a disease that is millions of years old. Researchers have even found evidence for osteoarthritis in dinosaurs. It’s also one of the most prevalent diseases to impact our bones – and its rates will only grow with an ageing population worldwide. . .
My recent research on osteoarthritis from the ancient Egyptian village of Deir el-Medina is an example of looking into the past to help modern clinical studies. Bones and texts showed how decades of strenuous hikes led to higher levels of osteoarthritis in workers’ knees and ankles.

4000 years old wooden head discovered in Sakkara

A wooden head, probably of the sixth dynasty queen Ankhnespepy II, has been unearthed in the area located to the east of her Pyramid in Sakkara necropolis during excavation work carried out by a French-Swiss team from Geneva University.

Historian Daniel Rafaelic on the portrayal of Ancient Egypt in cinema

For decades, ancient Egyptians mystified both the public and specialized scholars around the world; but one Croatian specialist took this fascination a step further. Enthusiastic about Egyptian history and films related to or shot in Egypt, Daniel Rafaelic studied both archaeology and cinema. A doctoral candidate, Rafaelic now teaches at the departments of history, archaeology and psychology at the University of Zagreb’s Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences.

Volcanoes may have triggered riots in ancient Egypt
Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

Famine is no pharaoh’s friend—just ask Cleopatra or Ptolemy III. But those rulers may have had more to blame than just bad luck: According to a new study, volcanic eruptions around the ancient world likely suppressed the Nile’s annual floods—critical for agriculture—by altering rainfall upriver in the Ethiopian highlands several times from the 3rd to 1st centuries B.C.E. The climatic consequences of those eruptions may have helped trigger tax riots and other forms of social unrest, social scientists say.

Other articles:
Who was Ramses II?

Newly discovered temple sheds light on Ancient Egyptian ruler who fathered 160 children and loved building
A new temple has been found, dedicated to the Ancient Egyptian Pharaoh, at Abusir in Egypt and shows the might of Ramses II and the prevalence of the Sun Gods.

In history he has become one of the best known Egyptian Pharaohs, renowned for his might in battle and imposing his architectural stamp on the Ancient world.

In life he was known for the building programmes he started - even creating a new capital based on his name- and for leading the Egyptian army against the Hittites, Syrians, and Lybians.

Parts of a Ramses II temple uncovered in Giza's Abusir
Cartouche of Ramesse II. Courtesy of the Czech Institute of Egyptology

Parts of a temple to King Ramses II (1213-1279 BC), along with reliefs of solar deities, have been uncovered by an Egyptian-Czech mission during excavation work in Abusir necropolis in the the governorate of Giza.

Building like the Egyptians
Photo courtesy of Jonesville Elementary/Middle School

From the Book of Exodus in The Bible to the classic horror films of the Golden Age of Hollywood, Ancient Egypt has loomed large in both history and popular culture and nothing has loomed larger than its most distinguishing feature, the pyramids.

Picture of the week

Portrait of Giovanni Battista Belzoni (1778-1823) by Fabroni.