Monday, July 17, 2017

Ancient Egypt July 17

Everything you ever wanted to know about the Rosetta Stone
The Rosetta Stone on display in Room 4.

You've probably heard of the Rosetta Stone. It's one of the most famous objects in the British Museum, but what actually is it? Take a closer look...

There are several excellent videos in this blog post from the British Museum.

What Is the Rosicrucian Egyptian Museum and Why Is It in San Jose?
The Rosicrucian Digest, published continuously from 1915, is put out by The Ancient and Mystical Order Rosæ Crucis, which also runs the Rosicrucian Egyptian Museum in San Jose. (Courtesy of the Rosicrucian Egyptian Museum)

f you attended sixth grade anywhere in or near San Jose, there’s a high likelihood you’ve been to see the largest collection of ancient Egyptian antiquities on public display anywhere west of the Mississippi.

I’m talking about the Rosicrucian Egyptian Museum.

Greek archaeologist unearths ancient buildings and bridge in Alexandria, Egypt

Greek archaeologist Kalliopi Papakostas has unearthed ancient buildings and a bridge in the Shalallat Gardens area in Alexandria, Egypt.Excavations in the area had started 21 years ago and now archaeologists have discovered a long carved tunnel that sheds new light to the huge ancient building that has been found so far, Athens Macedonia News Agency reports.

Ancient High House Hosts The Splendour of Ancient Egypt

The splendour of Ancient Egypt comes to Stafford with an exhibition at the Ancient High House exploring the art and culture of Ancient Egypt.

How ancient China and Egypt developed similar structures

Although ancient Egypt and China never communicated with each other, they had many things in common. The exhibition "China and Egypt. Cradles of the World" shows inventions made in both countries a long time ago.

Nilometers Revisited
(This is an expanded version of a previous post about nilometers. It will appear in the August 2017 edition of Egypt Today)The nilometer at the end of Elephantine Island, Aswan (Photo courtesy of Mohamed Fahmy)

Nilometers were used in Egypt, particularly during the pharaonic, Roman and medieval periods, to measure the Nile’s water level during the annual summer flood.

Essentially, apart from such ritual functions they may have served in ancient Egypt, nilometers worked on the Goldilocks principle as far as the rulers of Egypt were concerned.

How to Make a Mummy in 70 Days or Less
The face on the mummy of Queen Nodjmet, wife of Herihor, the high priest of Amun in Thebes. 21st dynasty. Egyptian Museum, Cairo

For thousands of years, ancient Egypt’s professional embalmers blended science and magic to unite body and soul for the hereafter.

Throughout the 1800s, the new archaeological discipline of Egyptology fed a keen public appetite for stories about pyramids and mummies. An 1869 story by Louisa May Alcott, “Lost in a Pyramid,” recounts an archaeologist bringing down a curse on himself when he destroys the mummy of a young girl.

Still Searching for Amenia

This statue is of the last king of ancient Egypt's 18Th Dynasty, Horemheb, who reigned from about 1323-1295 BC. The statue was found at his Saqqara tomb he had created before his accession to kingship. Here the king is seated next to his likely first wife Amenia, and sadly this is what the statue looks like today in Luxor.

A tomb was not simply a place for the burial of remains

In ancient Egypt, a tomb was not simply a place for the burial of remains, but rather the site of quite literal rebirth. Here, the individual’s soul was born again, into the afterlife. But surprisingly, the ancient Egyptians believed that to make this rebirth possible for a woman, it was necessary that she briefly turn into a man, in order to conceive the fetus of her reborn self. Guided by new research inspired in part by feminist scholarship, our collection exhibition A Woman’s Afterlife: Gender Transformation in Ancient Egypt explores how this process was thought to take place.

Completing 90% of Djoser Pyramid restoration work

Alaa Shahat, Director of Saqqara Antiquities area, said that the restoration work in the pyramid of Djoser is resumed now after Eid el-Fitr holiday.

Shahat explained that 90 percent of the restoration work is finished in order to speed up maintenance and deliver the pyramid on the scheduled time. ‘’ The restoration of the external body of the pyramid will be completed after two months,’’ said Shahat.

The Book of the Dead of Ramose: Special viewing of an Egyptian masterpiece with video

The Book of the Dead of Ramose is one of the finest examples of this type of funerary papyrus to have survived from ancient Egypt. It was discovered by Flinders Petrie in a tomb at a site called Sedment, south of Cairo, and brought to the Fitzwilliam Museum in 1922. Since then it has had very little exposure to light and thus the vibrant colours of its illustrative vignettes are very well preserved. In 2007, after a period of conservation, it was displayed, in sections, in a short exhibition at the museum, and a small section was also included in last year’s Death on the Nile exhibition.

For one day only, the papyrus will be displayed, laid out in one long stretch, in a single gallery to allow visitors to view it for themselves. Experts will be on hand to answer questions. Numbers of visitors will be controlled and viewing will be on a first-come-first-served basis.

Egypt Uncovered: Belzoni and the Tomb of Pharaoh Seti I

To coincide with the 200th anniversary of the discovery of the tomb of Pharaoh Seti I by the Egyptologist Giovanni Battista Belzoni (1778–1823), Sir John Soane’s Museum will present Egypt Uncovered: Belzoni and the Tomb of Pharaoh Seti I – a new exhibition revealing the story behind the Museum’s most treasured possession.

. . .On 17 October 1817, Belzoni made his finest discovery. Having forged an entrance through the great temple at Abu Simbel, he found the tomb of Ramesses’ father, Seti I comprising ten vividly painted chambers decorated with thousands of hieroglyphs, and Seti’s elaborately carved white alabaster sarcophagus.

Pictures of the week: Isis and Hathor

The goddess Isis, decorative detail of sarcophagus of Queen Tuya, mother of Ramesses II, (gilded wood). New Kingdom, 19th Dynasty. Egyptian Museum, Cairo.

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Detail of ancient Egyptian wall painting depicting cow goddess Hathor suckling child king Amenhotep II (painted sandstone), from the Temple of Thutmose III at Deir el-Bahri. Egyptian Museum, Cairo.
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