Monday, October 23, 2017

Ancient Egypt October 23

Archaeology: The wonder of the pyramids
James L. Stanfield/NATL Geographic Creative

In Giza and the Pyramids, veteran Egyptologists Mark Lehner and Zahi Hawass cite an Arab proverb: “Man fears time, but time fears the pyramids.” It's a reminder that the great Egyptian complex on the Giza Plateau has endured for some four and a half millennia — the last monument standing of that classical-era must-see list, the Seven Wonders of the World.

Lehner and Hawass have produced an astonishingly comprehensive study of the excavations and scientific investigations that have, over two centuries, uncovered the engineering techniques, religious and cultural significance and other aspects of the Giza site. Three decades in the making, the book has undergone many iterations in step with new findings, from tombs to data gleaned from the study of clay sealings, plant remains, bakeries, abattoirs and workshops.

Colors of Ancient Egypt

Color (Ancient Egyptian name "iwen") was considered an integral part of an item's or person's nature in Ancient Egypt, and the term could interchangeably mean color, appearance, character, being or nature. Items with similar color were believed to have similar properties.

What tracing a tough commute in ancient Egypt reveals about osteoarthritis
The climb to the Valley of the Kings from the village of Deir el-Medina. Anne Austin

Osteoarthritis is a disease that is millions of years old. Researchers have even found evidence for osteoarthritis in dinosaurs. It’s also one of the most prevalent diseases to impact our bones – and its rates will only grow with an ageing population worldwide. . .
My recent research on osteoarthritis from the ancient Egyptian village of Deir el-Medina is an example of looking into the past to help modern clinical studies. Bones and texts showed how decades of strenuous hikes led to higher levels of osteoarthritis in workers’ knees and ankles.

4000 years old wooden head discovered in Sakkara

A wooden head, probably of the sixth dynasty queen Ankhnespepy II, has been unearthed in the area located to the east of her Pyramid in Sakkara necropolis during excavation work carried out by a French-Swiss team from Geneva University.

Historian Daniel Rafaelic on the portrayal of Ancient Egypt in cinema

For decades, ancient Egyptians mystified both the public and specialized scholars around the world; but one Croatian specialist took this fascination a step further. Enthusiastic about Egyptian history and films related to or shot in Egypt, Daniel Rafaelic studied both archaeology and cinema. A doctoral candidate, Rafaelic now teaches at the departments of history, archaeology and psychology at the University of Zagreb’s Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences.

Volcanoes may have triggered riots in ancient Egypt
Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC

Famine is no pharaoh’s friend—just ask Cleopatra or Ptolemy III. But those rulers may have had more to blame than just bad luck: According to a new study, volcanic eruptions around the ancient world likely suppressed the Nile’s annual floods—critical for agriculture—by altering rainfall upriver in the Ethiopian highlands several times from the 3rd to 1st centuries B.C.E. The climatic consequences of those eruptions may have helped trigger tax riots and other forms of social unrest, social scientists say.

Other articles:
Who was Ramses II?

Newly discovered temple sheds light on Ancient Egyptian ruler who fathered 160 children and loved building
A new temple has been found, dedicated to the Ancient Egyptian Pharaoh, at Abusir in Egypt and shows the might of Ramses II and the prevalence of the Sun Gods.

In history he has become one of the best known Egyptian Pharaohs, renowned for his might in battle and imposing his architectural stamp on the Ancient world.

In life he was known for the building programmes he started - even creating a new capital based on his name- and for leading the Egyptian army against the Hittites, Syrians, and Lybians.

Parts of a Ramses II temple uncovered in Giza's Abusir
Cartouche of Ramesse II. Courtesy of the Czech Institute of Egyptology

Parts of a temple to King Ramses II (1213-1279 BC), along with reliefs of solar deities, have been uncovered by an Egyptian-Czech mission during excavation work in Abusir necropolis in the the governorate of Giza.

Building like the Egyptians
Photo courtesy of Jonesville Elementary/Middle School

From the Book of Exodus in The Bible to the classic horror films of the Golden Age of Hollywood, Ancient Egypt has loomed large in both history and popular culture and nothing has loomed larger than its most distinguishing feature, the pyramids.

Picture of the week

Portrait of Giovanni Battista Belzoni (1778-1823) by Fabroni.